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Solid Edge v 19

January 14, 2018 | Author: adilthegreat | Category: Line (Geometry), Angle, Perpendicular, Ellipse, Tab (Gui)
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Table of Contents Dedication Preface

iii xv

Chapter 1: Introduction to Solid Edge Introduction to Solid Edge Solid Edge Environments System Requirements for Solid Edge V19 Important Terms and Definitions Getting Started with Solid Edge V19 User Interface of Solid Edge Additional Design Tools Color Scheme in this Textbook Units for Dimensions Automatic Saving Option Self-Evaluation Test

1-2 1-5 1-6 1-7 1-10 1-10 1-14 1-16 1-16 1-16 1-18

Chapter 2: Drawing Sketches for Solid Models The Sketching Environment Starting the Part Environment in Solid Edge Starting a New Part Document Using the New Dialog Box Invoking the Sketching Environment The Drawing Display Tools Zooming to an Area Dynamic Zooming Fitting all Entities in the Current Display Panning Drawings Restoring the Original Orientation of the Sketching Plane Sketching Tools Drawing Lines Drawing Circles Drawing Ellipses Drawing Arcs Drawing Rectangles Drawing Curves Converting Sketched Entities into Curves Filleting Sketched Entities Chamfering Sketched Entities Selecting the Sketched Entities

2-2 2-3 2-4 2-6 2-7 2-7 2-8 2-8 2-8 2-9 2-9 2-9 2-12 2-13 2-14 2-15 2-16 2-17 2-17 2-18 2-19

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Deleting the Sketched Entities Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Tutorial 3 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1 Exercise 2

2-20 2-20 2-26 2-31 2-35 2-36 2-37 2-37

Chapter 3: Adding Relationships and Dimensions to Sketches Geometric Relationships Connect Relationship Concentric Relationship Horizontal/Vertical Relationship Collinear Relationship Parallel Relationship Perpendicular Relationship Lock Relationship Rigid Set Relationship Tangent Relationship Equal Relationship Symmetric Relationship Setting the Symmetry Axis Controlling the Display of Relationship Handles Conflicts in Relationships Deleting Relationships Dimensioning the Sketched Entities Adding Linear Dimensions Adding Aligned Dimensions Adding Angular Dimensions Adding Diameter Dimensions Adding Radial Dimensions Adding Symmetric Diameter Dimensions Adding Coordinate Dimensions Adding Angular Coordinate Dimensions Adding Automatic Dimensions Understanding the Concept of Fully Constrained Sketches Measuring Sketched Entities Measuring Distances Measuring the Total Length of a Closed Loop or an Open Sketch Measuring Area Calculating the Area Properties Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Tutorial 3

3-2 3-2 3-3 3-3 3-4 3-4 3-4 3-4 3-4 3-5 3-5 3-5 3-6 3-6 3-7 3-7 3-7 3-8 3-10 3-11 3-12 3-13 3-14 3-15 3-16 3-16 3-18 3-18 3-18 3-19 3-19 3-20 3-21 3-28 3-33

Table of Contents Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1 Exercise 2

vii 3-37 3-38 3-39 3-39

Chapter 4: Editing, Extruding, and Revolving the Sketches Editing Sketches Trimming the Sketched Entities Extending the Sketched Entities Trimming/Extending Entities to a Corner Creating Offset Copies Creating Symmetric Offset Copies Moving/Copying the Sketched Entities Rotating the Sketched Entities Mirroring the Sketched Entities Scaling the Sketched Entities Stretching the Sketched Entities Editing the Sketched Entities by Dragging Writing Text in the Sketching Environment Inserting Images in the Sketches Converting Sketches into Base Features Creating Base Features by Protrusion Creating Base Features Using the Revolved Protrusion Rotating the View of a Model in 3D Space Restoring Standard Views Setting Display Modes Shaded with Visible Edges Shaded Visible and Hidden Edges Visible Edges Drop Shadow Improving the Display Quality of the Model Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Tutorial 3 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1 Exercise 2

4-2 4-2 4-2 4-3 4-3 4-4 4-7 4-8 4-8 4-9 4-10 4-10 4-12 4-13 4-15 4-15 4-20 4-22 4-23 4-23 4-23 4-23 4-23 4-24 4-24 4-24 4-24 4-30 4-34 4-36 4-37 4-38 4-38

Chapter 5: Working with Additional Reference Planes Additional Sketching and Reference Planes Local Reference Planes Global Reference Planes Creating Reference Planes

5-2 5-3 5-3 5-4

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Creating a Coincident Plane Creating a Parallel Plane Creating an Angled Plane Creating a Perpendicular Plane Creating a Coincident Plane by Axis Creating a Plane Normal to an Edge or a Sketched Curve Creating a Plane Using Three Points Displaying the Reference Axes Understanding Coordinate Systems Creating a Coordinate System Using the Other Options of the Protrusion Tool Creating Cutout Features Creating Extruded Cutouts Creating Revolved Cutouts Including the Edges of the Existing Features in the Sketch Advanced Drawing Display Tools Creating User-defined Named Views Using Common Views Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Tutorial 3 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1 Exercise 2

5-4 5-5 5-6 5-7 5-8 5-8 5-9 5-10 5-11 5-11 5-13 5-21 5-21 5-23 5-23 5-25 5-26 5-26 5-27 5-32 5-39 5-45 5-46 5-47 5-48

Chapter 6: Advanced Modeling Tools-I Advanced Modeling Tools Creating Holes Creating Rounds Creating Constant Radius Round Creating Variable Radius Round Creating Chamfers Creating Rectangular and Circular Patterns Creating Rectangular Patterns Creating Circular Patterns Creating the Pattern Along a Curve Mirroring Features and Bodies Mirroring Selected Features Mirroring Bodies Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Tutorial 3 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1

6-2 6-2 6-9 6-10 6-15 6-16 6-18 6-18 6-23 6-25 6-29 6-29 6-30 6-31 6-37 6-45 6-50 6-51 6-52

Table of Contents Exercise 2 Exercise 3

ix 6-53 6-53

Chapter 7: Editing Features Editing Features in a Model Suppressing Features Unsuppressing the Suppressed Features Deleting Features Copying and Pasting Features Rolling Back the Model to a Feature Assigning Color to a Part, Feature, or Face Playing Back the Construction of Features Checking the Physical Properties of a Model Modifying the Display of Construction Entities Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Tutorial 3 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1 Exercise 2

7-2 7-4 7-5 7-6 7-6 7-7 7-8 7-8 7-9 7-10 7-10 7-16 7-21 7-26 7-26 7-27 7-27

Chapter 8: Advanced Modeling Tools-II Advanced Modeling Tools Creating Internal or External Threads Adding Drafts to the Model Adding Ribs to the Model Adding Thin Wall Features Adding Thin Wall to a Particular Region Adding a Lip to the Model Creating Web Networks Creating Vents Creating Mounting Bosses Reordering Features Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Tutorial 3 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1 Exercise 2

8-2 8-2 8-4 8-6 8-10 8-12 8-15 8-16 8-17 8-22 8-26 8-27 8-33 8-39 8-43 8-44 8-45 8-46

Chapter 9: Advanced Modeling Tools-III Advanced Modeling Tools

9-2

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Solid Edge for Designers (Eval Copy SE 11/06)

Creating Swept Protrusions Creating Swept Cutouts Creating Lofted Protrusions Creating Lofted Cutouts Creating Helical Protrusions Creating Normal Protrusions Creating Normal Cutouts Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Tutorial 3 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1 Exercise 2

9-2 9-9 9-9 9-16 9-17 9-23 9-24 9-24 9-35 9-45 9-53 9-54 9-55 9-56

Chapter 10: Assembly Modeling-I The Assembly Environment Setting up the Assembly Environment Types of Assembly Design Approaches Creating the Bottom-Up Assembly Assembling the First Component in an Assembly Assembling the Second Component in an Assembly Adding Assembly Relationships Creating the Top-Down Assembly Creating a Component in the Top-Down Assembly Creating the Pattern of Components in an Assembly Creating a Reference Pattern Creating the Material Removal Features in an Assembly Assembly Features Assembly-driven Part Features Moving Individual Components Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1

10-2 10-2 10-2 10-3 10-3 10-4 10-5 10-15 10-15 10-17 10-17 10-18 10-18 10-18 10-19 10-21 10-36 10-44 10-45 10-46

Chapter 11: Assembly Modeling-II Creating Subassemblies Editing Assembly Relationships Modifying the Values Applying Additional Relationships Modifying Assembly Relationships Editing Assembly Components Dispersing Subassemblies

11-2 11-3 11-3 11-3 11-4 11-6 11-6

Table of Contents Replacing Components Simplifying Assemblies Using the Visibility Options Hiding and Displaying the Components Changing the Transparency Conditions Interference Detection in Assemblies Creating Exploded State of Assemblies Changing the Distance Between the Components Repositioning the Parts Removing the Parts Flowlines Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Tutorial 3 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1

xi 11-7 11-7 11-8 11-8 11-8 11-11 11-15 11-16 11-16 11-16 11-17 11-19 11-27 11-35 11-35 11-36

Chapter 12: Generating, Editing, and Dimensioning Drawing Views The Draft Environment Types of Views that can be Generated in Solid Edge Generating Drawing Views Generating the Base View Generating the Principal View Generating the Auxiliary View Generating the Section View Generating the Broken-Out Section View Generating the Detail View Generating the Broken View Working with Interactive Drafting Manipulating Drawing Views Adding Annotations to the Drawing Views Adding New Drawing Sheets Editing the Default Sheet Format Generating Exploded Views of Assemblies Creating Associative Balloons and Parts List Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Tutorial 3 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1 Exercise 2

12-2 12-3 12-4 12-4 12-8 12-10 12-12 12-15 12-17 12-17 12-19 12-19 12-22 12-25 12-25 12-25 12-27 12-32 12-38 12-43 12-46 12-46 12-47 12-48

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Chapter 13: Surface Modeling Surface Modeling Creating Surfaces in Solid Edge Creating an Extruded Surface Creating a Revolved Surface Creating a Swept Surface Creating Surfaces Using the BlueSurf Tool Creating Surfaces Using the Bounded Surface Tool Stitching Multiple Surfaces to Create a Single Surface Creating Offset Surfaces Copying a Surface Creating a BlueDot Creating a Curve at the Intersection of Two Surfaces Trimming Surfaces Extending Surfaces Replacing Faces of a Part with a Surface Creating Curves in 3D by Selecting Keypoints Creating Curves by Table Projecting Curves on Surfaces Creating a Curve at the Projection of Two Curves Drawing a Curve on a Surface Deriving Curves Splitting a Curve Splitting a Body Adding Thickness to a Surface Creating Rounds Using Blending Adding a Draft Using the Parting Split Tool Using the Parting Surface Tool Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1 Exercise 2

13-2 13-2 13-2 13-3 13-4 13-6 13-12 13-13 13-14 13-15 13-16 13-17 13-17 13-18 13-20 13-21 13-22 13-23 13-24 13-24 13-26 13-26 13-26 13-28 13-28 13-34 13-38 13-38 13-39 13-44 13-52 13-52 13-53 13-54

Chapter 14: Sheet Metal Design The Sheet Metal Module Setting the Sheet Metal Part Properties Creating the Base of the Sheet Metal Parts Adding Flanges to a Sheet Metal Part Creating Contour Flanges Creating Lofted Flanges Adding the Jog to the Sheet Bending the Sheet Metal Part

14-2 14-4 14-7 14-8 14-12 14-16 14-17 14-18

Table of Contents Unbending the Sheet Metal Part Rebending the Sheet Metal Part Treating 2 Bend Corners of a Sheet Metal Part Creating Dimples in a Sheet Metal Part Creating Louvers in a Sheet Metal Part Creating Drawn Cutouts in a Sheet Metal Part Creating Beads in a Sheet Metal Part Adding Gussets to a Sheet Metal Part Adding Hems Converting a Solid Part to a Sheet Metal Part Ripping Corners of a Solid Part Creating the Flat Pattern of a Sheet Metal Part Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Self-Evaluation Test Review Questions Exercise 1

xiii 14-19 14-20 14-21 14-23 14-25 14-28 14-28 14-31 14-34 14-38 14-39 14-40 14-41 14-48 14-53 14-54 14-55

Chapter 15: Projects Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Project 1

15-2 15-29 15-43

Index

1

Chapter 1 SOLID EDGE VERSION 19 • Welcome to Solid Edge, a Solid Modeling tool developed by UGS Corporation. • As a new user of this software, you will join hands with thousands of users of this highend CAD tool worldwide. • If you have used the previous releases of this software, you will significantly improve your design skills in this latest release. • To make the design process simple and quick, this software package divides the steps of designing into different environments. • This means that each step of designing is completed in a different environment.

Chapter 1 • Parametric Nature Parametric nature of a solid modeling package means that the sketch is driven by dimensions, or in other words, the geometry of a model is controlled by its dimensions.

• Feature-based Modeling • A feature is defined as the smallest building block of a model. • Any solid model created in Solid Edge is an integration of a number of these features. • Each feature can be edited individually to bring in any change in the solid model.

Model with simple holes

Model with counterbore holes

Chapter 1 • Bidirectional Associativity The bidirectional associativity of a software package is defined as its ability to ensure that any modification made in a particular model in one environment, is also reflected in the same model in the other environments.

Drawing views of the model before modification

Drawing views of the model after modification

Chapter 1

Piston, connecting rod, and pin assembly

Assembly after modifying the diameter of the hole on the piston

Chapter 1 ¾ SOLID EDGE ENVIRONMENTS • Part Environment This environment of Solid Edge is used to create parametric and feature-based solid and surface models.

• Assembly Environment This environment of Solid Edge is used to create an assembly by assembling the components that were created in the Part environment.

• Draft Environment This environment is used for the documentation of the parts or assemblies in the form of the drawing views.

Chapter 1 • Sheet Metal Environment This module is used to create sheet metal components.

• Weldment Environment This environment enables you to insert components from the Part or Assembly environment and apply weld beads to the parts or assembly.

Chapter 1 ¾ SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS FOR SOLID EDGE V19 • The system requirements for Solid Edge are as follows: • An Intel Pentium, AMD Athlon, or AMD Opteron processor-based PC. • Windows 2000 Professional running Service Pack 3/4 or Windows XP Professional running Service Pack 1. • Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 or later. • 256MB RAM (512 MB recommended), 640MB hard disk space, OpenGL Accelerator with 65K colors, and CD-ROM for installation.

¾ IMPORTANT TERMS AND DEFINITIONS • Relationship Relationships are the logical operations that are performed on the selected geometry to make it more accurate in defining its position and size with respect to the other geometry.

Chapter 1 • Geometry Relationships These logical operations are performed on the basic sketched entities to relate them to the standard properties such as collinearity, concentricity, perpendicularity, and so on.

• Connect

• Lock

• Concentric

• Tangent

• Horizontal/Vertical

• Equal

• Collinear

• Symmetric

• Parallel Relationship

• Rigid Set

• Perpendicular

Chapter 1 • Assembly Relationships The assembly relationships are the logical operations performed on the components to assemble them at their respective working position in an assembly.

• Mate

• Connect

• Planar Align

• Angle

• Axial Align

• Tangent

• Insert

• Cam

• Entity An element of a geometry is called an entity. An entity can be an arc, a line, a circle, a point, and so on.

Chapter 1 • Concept of Profile and Sketch The sketch drawn using the Sketch tool is called a Sketch and the sketch drawn using a feature creation tool is called a Profile.

• Intent Zone This zone enables you to draw or modify various elements of geometry within the same tool.

Intent zone displayed while drawing a tangent arc

Intent zone displayed while drawing a three point arc

Chapter 1 • Prompt Line When you choose a tool, the prompt line is displayed below the ribbon bar. This is helpful, while creating a model, because it provides you with prompt sequences to use a tool.

Chapter 1 ¾ GETTING STARTED WITH SOLID EDGE V19 Once you have Solid Edge installed on your computer, choose Start > All Programs > Solid Edge V19 > Solid Edge, as shown in the figure. You can select any environment of Solid Edge to start.

Windows screen with taskbar and application icons

Chapter 1 ¾ USER

INTERFACE OF SOLID EDGE

Solid Edge provides you with various toolbars and menus, while working with various environments.

• EdgeBar When you choose the EdgeBar button from the Main toolbar, the EdgeBar is removed from the main window.It lists all occurrences of features and sketches of a model in a chronicle.

The EdgeBar

Chapter 1 • Part Environment Toolbars There are several toolbars that can be invoked in the Part environment.

• Main Toolbar

The Main toolbar • Update Relationships This button is selected to update both the dimensions in the Part environment and the relationships in the Assembly environment.

Chapter 1 • Print When you choose the Print button, the Print dialog box is displayed, as shown in the figure.

The Print dialog box

Chapter 1 • Features Toolbar The Features toolbar consists of the modeling tools that are used to convert a sketch into a solid model.

The Features toolbar

• Surfacing Toolbar The Surfacing toolbar consists of the modeling tools that are used to create surface models. This toolbar is available only when you are in the Part environment.

The Surfacing toolbar

Chapter 1 • Assembly Environment Toolbar There are several toolbars that can be invoked in the Assembly environment of Solid Edge.

• Assembly Commands Toolbar The Assembly Commands toolbar is used to create and manage assemblies.

The Assembly Commands toolbar

Chapter 1 • Draft Environment Toolbar • Drawing Toolbar This toolbar is extensively used in the Draft environment for generating and creating drawing views.

The Drawing Views toolbar

• Relationships Toolbar This toolbar is used to apply relationships to the drawings you create in the Draft environment. The Relationships toolbar

Chapter 1 ¾ ADDITIONAL DESIGN TOOLS Designing in Solid Edge is made easier by introducing the Ribbon bar and EdgeBar.The tools available in the Ribbon bar and EdgeBar are different for different tools and in the different environments of Solid Edge.

• Ribbon Bar The ribbon bar enables you to switch back and forth while creating a model, an assembly, or a drawing.

The Ribbon bar

Chapter 1 • Plane or Sketch Step You can choose this button from the ribbon bar and redefine the sketch plane.

• Draw Profile Step Using the Draw Profile Step button, you can either select a profile from the drawing window or sketch a one.

• Side Step The Side Step button is used to specify the side of the sketch to or from which the material will be added or removed.

• Extent Step The Extent Step button is used to specify the depth of the material addition.

Chapter 1 • Treatment Step This step is available in some of the sketched-based features and is used to add a draft or a crown feature to the model.

• QuickPick This tool enables you to select elements from the drawing window. This tool is used when the elements or components are overlapping and you need to make a selection.

The QuickPick list box

Chapter 1 ¾ COLOR SCHEME IN THIS TEXTBOOK This book uses white color as the background. To change the background color, choose Tools > Options to display the Options dialog box. Choose the Colors tab in the dialog box to display various colors, as shown in the figure.

Colors tab of the Options dialog box

Chapter 1 ¾ UNITS FOR DIMENSIONS When you install Solid Edge 19, you need to specify the units of dimensions that will be used in all the environments of Solid Edge. The units can be in inches or millimeters.

¾ AUTOMATIC SAVING OPTION In Solid Edge, you can set the option to save the files automatically after a regular interval of time. To set this option, choose Tools > Options to display the Options dialog box. Choose the Save tab and select the Automatically preserve documents by check box.

Chapter 2 Learning Objectives: • Understand the need for the sketching environment • Understand the base reference planes that can be selected to create sketches • Understand various drawing display tools • Understand various sketching tools • Use various selection methods • Delete sketched entities

Chapter 2 ¾ THE SKETCHING ENVIRONMENT • Most of the designs created in a solid modeling tool consist of the profile-based features, placed features, and reference features. • A profile is a combination of a number of two-dimensional (2D) entities such as lines, arcs, circles, and so on.

Solid model

Profile of the solid model

Chapter 2 • Starting Solid Edge in the Part Environment • Solid Edge can be directly started in the Part environment with a default part document. • This can be done using the taskbar menu. • Choose the Start button available on the lower left corner of the screen to invoke the menu and then choose Programs > Solid Edge V19 > Solid Edge, as shown in the figure.

Starting Solid Edge in the Part environment

Chapter 2 • Starting a New Part Document Using the New Dialog Box Choose the New button from the Main toolbar to display the New dialog box, as shown in the figure.

The New dialog box

Chapter 2 • General Tab The General tab provides the default templates for starting the Assembly, Draft, Part, Sheet Metal and Weldment environment.

• More Tab The More tab provides the Metric and English templates for starting files in various environments of Solid Edge.

• Quicksheet Tab The Quicksheet tab provides the drawing template with empty (blank) drawing views of a part or an assembly.

• Reports Tab The Reports tab provides the template for generating reports for the Solid Edge assemblies.

Chapter 2 • Large Icon Button The Large Icon button is used to display the templates in various tabs of the New dialog box in the form of large icons.

• List Button The List button is used to display the templates in various tabs of the New dialog box in the form of a list.

• Detail Button The Detail button is used to list the details of the templates in various tabs of the New dialog box.

• Preview Area The Preview area shows the preview of the selected template.

Chapter 2

New document in the Part environment

Chapter 2 ¾ INVOKING THE SKETCHING ENVIRONMENT If you select any of the three reference planes shown in Figure A, it will be oriented parallel to the screen and the sketching environment will be invoked to draw the profile for the protrusion feature.

Figure A Screen appearance in the sketching environment of Solid Edge

Chapter 2 ¾ THE DRAWING DISPLAY TOOLS The drawing display tools are an integral part of any solid modeling tool. They enable you to zoom and pan the drawing so that you can view it clearly.

• Zooming to an Area The Zoom Area tool allows you to zoom on to a particular area by defining a box around it.

• Dynamic Zooming You can use this tool to increase the display area to double the current size.

• Fitting all Entities in the Current Display The Fit tool enables you to modify the drawing display area such that all entities in the drawing fit in the current display.

Chapter 2 • Panning Drawings The Pan tool allows you to dynamically pan drawings in the drawing window.

• Restoring the Original Orientation of the Sketching Plane The Sketch View tool enables you to restore the original orientation that was active when you invoked the sketching environment.

Chapter 2 ¾ SKETCHING TOOLS All tools required to create a profile or a sketch in Solid Edge are available in the Draw toolbar.

• Drawing Lines In Solid Edge, the Line tool enables you to draw straight lines and tangent or normal arcs originating from the endpoint of a selected line.

Line ribbon bar

Chapter 2 • Drawing Straight Lines

Vertical relationship handle displayed while drawing the vertical line

Horizontal relationship handle displayed while drawing the horizontal line

Chapter 2 • Drawing Tangent and Normal Arcs

Using the alignment indicators to locate a point

Drawing tangent arc from within the Line tool

Chapter 2 • Drawing Circles In Solid Edge, you can draw circles using three methods.

• Drawing a Circle by Specifying the Center Point and Radius

Circle drawn using the Circle by Center method

• Drawing a Circle by Specifying Three Points

Drawing circle using the Circle by 3 Points method

Chapter 2 • Drawing a Tangent Circle

Drawing circle tangent to two lines

• Drawing Ellipses In Solid Edge, you can draw ellipses using the following two methods.

• Drawing Ellipse by Specifying Three Points

Drawing ellipse by specifying three points

Chapter 2 • Drawing the Center Point Ellipse • In this method, you need to define the center point of the ellipse first. • After you define the center point of the ellipse, you will be prompted to specify the endpoint of the primary axis. • Next, you will be prompted to specify the endpoint of the secondary axis.

• Placing Sketched Points • Points generally help as a reference in drawing the other sketched entities. • To place a point, choose the Point button from the Line flyout in the Draw toolbar.

Chapter 2 • Drawing Arcs In Solid Edge, you can draw arcs using three methods.

• Drawing a Tangent or a Normal Arc This method of drawing arcs is similar to drawing tangent and normal arcs from within the Line tool.

• Drawing a Three-Point Arc

Drawing an arc using the Arc by 3 Points method

Chapter 2 • Drawing a Center Point Arc

Drawing an arc using the Arc by Center method

• Drawing Rectangles

Rectangle drawn at an angle

Chapter 2 • Drawing Curves The Curve tool allows you to draw curves using two methods: specifying points in the drawing window and dragging the cursor in the drawing window.

• Drawing a Curve by Dragging the Cursor

Curve drawn by dragging the cursor in the drawing window

Chapter 2 • Drawing a Curve by Specifying Points in the Drawing Window

Curve drawn by specifying the points in the drawing window

• Converting Sketched Entities into Curves In Solid Edge, you can convert the sketched entities such as lines, arcs, circles, and ellipses into bezier spline curves using the Convert to Curve tool.

Chapter 2 • Filleting Sketched Entities Filleting is defined as the process of rounding the sharp corners of a profile to reduce the stress concentration.

Sketch before and after creating the fillet

Retaining the sharp corner after creating the fillet

Chapter 2 • Chamfering Sketched Entities Chamfering is defined as the process of beveling the sharp corners of a profile to reduce the stress concentration.

Selecting lines to create chamfer

Chapter 2 ¾ SELECTING THE SKETCHED ENTITIES When you choose the Select Tool button from the Draw toolbar, the select mode will be invoked. In this mode, you can select the sketched entities available in the drawing window by clicking on them.

• Inside

• Inside and Overlapping

• Outside

• Outside and Overlapping

• Overlapping

¾ DELETING THE SKETCHED ENTITIES To delete the sketched entities, select them using any of the object selection methods.

Chapter 2 ‰ Tutorial 1 In this tutorial, you will draw the profile for the model, as shown in Figure A. The profile to be drawn is, as shown in Figure B. Do not dimension the profile because the dimensions are just for your reference. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 1

Figure B Sketch of the model

Chapter 2 1.

Start Solid Edge and then start a new file in the Part environment.

2.

Choose the sketch button and select the front plane as the sketching plane and invoke the sketching environment.

3.

Draw the outer loop of the profile using the Line tool, as shown in Figure C.

Figure C Sketch after drawing lines

Chapter 2 4

Fillet the sharp corners of the outer loop using the Fillet tool, as shown in Figure D.

Figure D Sketch after creating fillets

5

Draw the circles using the centers of the fillets to complete the profile, as shown in Figure E.

Figure E Final profile for Tutorial 1

6 Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c02\c02tut1.par and then close it.

Chapter 2 ‰ Tutorial 2 In this tutorial, you will draw the profile of the model, as shown in Figure A. The profile to be drawn is, as shown in Figure B. Do not dimension the profile because the dimensions are just for your reference. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 2

Figure B Profile for Tutorial 2

Chapter 2 1.

Start a new part file using the New dialog box, as shown in Figure C.

Figure C The New dialog box to start a new file in Solid Edge 2.

Choose the Sketch button and select right plane as the sketching plane and invoke the sketching environment.

Chapter 2 3.

Draw the profile of the model using the Line tool, as shown in Figure D and Figure E.

Figure D Horizontal and vertical alignment indicators displayed to define the endpoint of the arc

4.

Figure E Profile for Tutorial 2

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c02\c02tut2.par and then close it.

Chapter 2 ‰ Tutorial 3 In this tutorial, you will draw the profile for the base feature of the model, as shown in Figure A. The profile to be drawn is, as shown in Figure B. Do not dimension the profile because the dimensions are just for your reference. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 3

Figure B Profile for Tutorial 3

Chapter 2 1.

Start a new part file.

2

Choose the Sketch button and select the right plane as the sketching plane and invoke the sketching environment

3

Draw the profile of the model using the Line tool, as shown in Figure C.

Figure C Outer loop of the profile for Tutorial 3

Chapter 2 4

Fillet the two corners of the outer loop and then draw the inner circle, as shown in Figure D.

Figure D Completed profile for Tutorial 3 5

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c02\c02tut3.par and then close it.

Chapter 2 ‰ Exercise 1 Draw the profile of the base feature of the model, as shown in Figure A. The profile to be drawn is, as shown in Figure B. Do not dimension the profile because the dimensions are just for your reference. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 1

Figure B Profile for Exercise 1

Chapter 2 ‰ Exercise 2 Draw the profile of the base feature of the model, as shown in Figure A. The profile to be drawn is, as shown in Figure B. Do not dimension the profile because the dimensions are just for your reference. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 2

Figure B Profile for Exercise 2

Chapter 3 Learning Objectives: • Understand different types of geometric relationships in Solid Edge • Force additional geometric relationships to sketches • View and delete geometric relationships from sketches • Understand the methods of dimensioning in Solid Edge • Modify values of dimensions • Add automatic dimensions to the sketches while drawing them

Chapter 3 ¾ GEOMETRIC RELATIONSHIPS Geometric relationships are logical operations performed on the sketching entities to relate them to the other sketched entities using standard properties such as collinearity, concentricity, tangency, and so on.

• Connect Relationship

Selecting the keypoint of the first entity and then the second entity

One point connect relationship applied between the two entities

Chapter 3

Selecting the keypoints of the first and second entities

Two point connect relationship applied between the two entities

• Concentric Relationship

Sketch before and after applying the concentric relationship

Chapter 3 • Horizontal/Vertical Relationship This relationship forces an inclined line to become horizontal or vertical.

• Collinear Relationship This relationship forces the selected line segments to be placed in the same line.

• Parallel Relationship This relationship forces a selected line segment to become parallel to another line segment.

• Perpendicular Relationship This relationship forces a selected line to become perpendicular to another line, arc, circle, or ellipse.

Chapter 3 • Lock Relationship This constraint is used to fix the orientation or location of the selected sketched entity or a keypoint of a sketched entity.

• Rigid Set Relationship This relationship is used to group the selected sketched entities into a rigid set.

• Tangent Relationship

Making the entities tangent

Making a curve tangent to a chain of tangentially connected entities

Chapter 3 • Equal Relationship This relationship can be used either for line segments, ellipses, or for arcs and circles.

• Symmetric Relationship

Selecting the entities to apply the symmetry relationship

Entities after applying the symmetry relationship

Chapter 3 • Setting the Symmetry Axis When you invoke the symmetric relationship, you will not be prompted to select the axis of symmetry. The symmetry axis set earlier is automatically selected as the axis of symmetry.

• Controlling the Display of Relationship Handles In Solid Edge V19, the Relationship Handles button is chosen by default. As a result, the handles of all relationships are displayed in the sketch.

¾ CONFLICTS IN RELATIONSHIPS Sometimes, when you apply more relationships than are required, the relationships conflict and the Solid Edge information box is displayed, as shown in the figure.

The Solid Edge information box

Chapter 3 ¾ DELETING RELATIONSHIPS You can delete the applied relationship by selecting its handle and pressing the DELETE key.

¾ DIMENSIONING THE SKETCHED ENTITIES • Adding Linear Dimensions

Linear dimensioning of lines

Linear dimensioning of points

Chapter 3

Linear dimensioning of inclined lines

• Ribbon Bar Options While dimensioning the sketched entities, the Dimension ribbon bar is displayed. This ribbon bar has some additional options and buttons, which should be set before creating the dimensions. • Dimension Style

• Driving

• Round-off

• Tangent

Chapter 3 • Prefix When you choose the Prefix button, the Dimension Prefix dialog box will be displayed, as shown in the figure.

The Dimension Prefix dialog box • Dimension Type

Sketch dimensioned using the limits and tolerance dimension types

Chapter 3 • Inspection This button is chosen to add an oblong around the dimension for inspection.

• Adding Aligned Dimensions

Aligned dimensioning of lines

Aligned dimensioning of points

Chapter 3 • Adding Angular Dimensions Angular dimensions are used to dimension angles.

Angular dimensioning of two lines

• Angular Dimensioning using Two Line Segments

Linear dimensioning of lines

Linear dimensioning of points

Chapter 3 • Angular Dimensioning using Three Points

Angular dimensioning using three points

• Angular Dimensioning of the Sweep Angle of an Arc

Dimensioning the sweep angle of an arc

Chapter 3 • Adding Diameter Dimensions

Diameter dimensioning of an arc and a circle

• Adding Radial Dimensions

Radial dimensioning of an arc and a circle

Chapter 3 • Adding Symmetric Diameter Dimensions

Symmetric diameter dimensioning of a sketch

• Adding Coordinate Dimensions

Coordinate dimensioning of a sketch

Chapter 3 • Adding Angular Coordinate Dimensions

Angular coordinate dimensioning of a sketch

• ADDING AUTOMATIC DIMENSIONS This This tool tool allows allows you you to to add add the the dimensions dimensions to to the the sketched sketched entities entities automatically automatically when when you you draw draw them them..

The The IntelliSketch IntelliSketch dialog dialog box box

Chapter 3 ¾ MEASURING SKETCHED ENTITIES • Measuring Distances This This tool tool allows allows you you to to measure measure the the linear linear distance distance between between any any two two selected selected points. points. To To measure measure the the distance, distance, invoke invoke this this tool tool from from the the Inspect Inspect menu; menu; you you will will be be prompted prompted to to click click for for the the first first point. point.

Measuring distance between two keypoints

Chapter 3 • Measuring the Total Length of a Closed Loop or an Open Sketch This tool allows you to measure the total length of a closed loop or an open sketch. When you invoke this tool, the ribbon bar will be displayed and you will be prompted to click on the element(s) to be measured.

• Measuring Area

Measuring the area of a closed loop

Chapter 3 • Calculating the Area Properties This tool allows you to calculate the properties of a selected area. On invoking this tool, you will be prompted to click on the area. Choose the Calculate button to display the Area Properties dialog box, as shown in the figure.

The Area Properties dialog box

Chapter 3 ‰ Tutorial 1 In this tutorial, you will draw the profile for the model, as shown in Figure A. The profile, as shown in Figure B, should be symmetric about the origin. You will not use the edit boxes available in the ribbon bar to enter the values of the entities. Instead, you will use the parametric dimensions to complete the sketch. (Expected time: 30min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 1

Figure B Profile to be drawn for Tutorial 1

Chapter 3 1.

Start Solid Edge in the Part environment.

2.

Choose the Sketch button and select the front plane as the sketching plane.

3.

Using the Line tool, draw the outer loop of the profile, as shown in Figure C.

Figure C Outer loop of the profile

Chapter 3 4

Add relationships and dimensions to the outer loop, as shown in Figure D and Figure E.

Figure D Outer loop of the profile

Figure E Profile after adding relationships

Chapter 3 5

Draw a rectangle inside the outer loop using the Rectangle tool.

6

Add dimensions to the rectangle to complete the sketch, as shown in Figure F.

Figure F Final profile after adding all the dimensions 7

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c02\c02tut1.par and then close it.

Chapter 3 ‰ Tutorial 2 In this tutorial, you will create the profile for the revolved model, as shown in Figure A. The profile is shown in Figure B. You will use the parametric dimensions to complete the sketch. (Expected time: 30min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 2

Figure B Profile to be drawn for Tutorial 2

Chapter 3 1.

Start a new part file.

2.

Choose the Sketch button and select the front plane as the sketching plane.

3

Draw the required profile using the Line tool, as shown in Figure C.

Figure C Profile for the revolved model

Chapter 3 4

Add the required dimensions to the sketch, as shown in Figure D.

Figure D Profile after adding all the dimensions 5

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c02\c02tut2.par and then close it.

Chapter 3 ‰ Tutorial 3 In this tutorial, you will create the profile for the model, as shown in Figure A. The profile is, as shown in Figure B. You will use the relationships and parametric dimensions to complete the sketch. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 3

Figure B Profile to be drawn for Tutorial 3

Chapter 3 1

Start a new part file.

2

Choose the Sketch button and select the top plane as the sketching plane.

3

Draw the required profile using the Line and Circle by Center tool, as shown in Figure C.

Figure C Profile after drawing all entities

Chapter 3 4

Add the required relationships and dimensions to the sketch, as shown in Figure D and Figure E.

Figure D Profile after adding all relationships

5

Figure E Profile after adding all dimensions

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c02\c02tut3.par and then close it.

Chapter 3 ‰ Exercise 1 Draw the profile for the base feature of the model, as shown in Figure A. The profile to be drawn is, as shown in Figure B. Use the relationships and parametric dimensions to complete the profile. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 1

Figure B Profile for Exercise 1

Chapter 3 ‰ Exercise 2 Draw the profile for the base feature of the model, as shown in Figure A. The profile to be drawn is, as shown in Figure B. Use the relationships and parametric dimensions to complete the profile. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Solid model for Exercise 2

Figure B Profile for Exercise 2

Chapter 4 Learning Objectives: • Edit sketches using the editing tools in Solid Edge • Write text in the sketching environment • Edit sketched entities by using the ribbon bar and by dragging • Convert sketches into base features by extruding and revolving • Rotate the view of the model dynamically in 3D space • Change the view and the display type of the models

Chapter 4 ¾ EDITING SKETCHES • Editing is a very important part of sketching in any solid modeling tool. • You need to edit the sketches during various stages of a design.

• Trimming the Sketched Entities

Selecting the entities to be trimmed

Sketch after trimming the entities

Chapter 4 • Extending the Sketched Entities

Selecting the entities to be extended

Sketch after extending the entities

Chapter 4 • Trimming/Extending Entities to a Corner

Selecting the entities to create a corner trim

Sketch after creating the corner trim

Chapter 4 • Creating Offset Copies

Multiple triangles created by offsetting the outer triangle

• Creating Symmetric Offset Copies

Using symmetric offset to create a slot

Chapter 4 To create a symmetric offset, choose the Symmetric Offset button from the Offset flyout; the Symmetric Offset Options dialog box will be displayed, as shown in the figure.

The Symmetric Offset Options dialog box

• Width The Width edit box is used to set the width of the slot that will be created by the symmetric offset.

Chapter 4 • Radius If the selected entities have some bends, which result in sharp corners, then this edit box will define the radius of the arc at the inside of the resulting slot.

Slots with different fillet radii

• Cap Type Area This area provides the options to specify the cap type at the end of the slots. • Line

Line cap with no fillet

Line cap with fillet

Chapter 4 • Arc This radio button is selected to place an arc at the end of the slot. • Offset Arc This radio button is selected to place an offset arc at the end of the slot.

• Apply radii if fillet radius = 0 This check box is selected to create an arc at the outer corner of the resulting slot if the value of the radius in the Radius edit box is set to zero.

• Show this dialog when the command begins This check box is selected to display this dialog box whenever you invoke the Symmetric Offset tool.

Chapter 4 • Moving/Copying the Sketched Entities

Preview of a sketch being moved

• Rotating the Sketched Entities

Preview of a sketch being rotated

Chapter 4 • Mirroring the Sketched Entities

Entities selected to mirror

Resulting mirrored sketch

• Scaling the Sketched Entities

Preview of a sketch being scaled

Chapter 4 • Stretching the Sketched Entities

Preview of the sketch being stretched

Chapter 4 • Editing the Sketched Entities by Dragging You can also edit the sketched entities by dragging them. Depending on the type of entity selected, and the point of selection, the object will be moved or stretched.

Chapter 4 ¾ WRITING TEXT IN THE SKETCHING ENVIRONMENT Solid Edge allows you to write a text in the sketching environment and use it to create features at a later stage. When you invoke the Text Profile tool, the Text step is active and the Text dialog box will be displayed, as shown in the Figure A.

Figure A The Text dialog box

Text along a circle

Chapter 4 ¾ INSERTING IMAGES IN THE SKETCHES To insert the image, invoke the Image tool from the menu bar. The Insert Image dialog box will be displayed, as shown in the figure.

The General tab of the Insert Image dialog box

Chapter 4 • Browse To select an image, choose the Browse button; the Open a File dialog box will be displayed.

• Link to file You can select the Link to file check box to create a link between the selected file and the image inserted in Solid Edge.

• Use transparent color The Transparent Color button is chosen to set the transparency color for the image.

• Opacity You can set the opacity of the image using the opacity slider bar.

Image inserted in the sketching environment

Chapter 4 • Border Tab The options in the Border tab, shown in the figure, are used to specify the border for the selected image.

The Border tab of the Insert Image dialog box

Chapter 4 ¾ CONVERTING SKETCHES INTO BASE FEATURES Most of the designs are a combination of various sketched, placed, and reference features. After finishing drawing and dimensioning a sketch, you need to convert it into the base feature. The base features are created in the Part environment. This environment is invoked when you choose Finish from the ribbon bar.

Chapter 4 ¾ CREATING BASE FEATURES BY PROTRUSION

Profile for the protrusion feature

Resulting protrusion feature

Chapter 4 • Plane or Sketch Step This step is active whenever you invoke the Protrusion tool. You can select any of the base reference planes for drawing the profile of the protrusion feature. The plane on which you click will be taken as the sketching plane and the sketching environment will be invoked.

• Single

• Chain

• Draw Profile Step The Draw Profile step is invoked automatically as soon as you select a reference plane to draw the profile.

Chapter 4 • Extent Step The Extent step is automatically invoked when you exit the sketching environment after creating the profile or when you choose the Accept button after selecting the profile. The options available in the ribbon bar under this step are:

• 1-Direction Extrude

Preview of the protrusion feature being created by extruding in one direction

Chapter 4 • Non-symmetric Extent The Non-symmetric Extent button is chosen to extrude the profile nonsymmetrically on both sides of the plane on which the profile is created, or in other words, to specify different depths of extrusion on both sides. • Direction 1

• Direction 2

• Symmetric Extent

Preview of the protrusion feature being created with symmetric extent

Chapter 4 • Finite Extent This button is chosen by default to specify the depth of the protrusion feature by specifying its numeric value.

• Distance The Distance edit box is used to specify the numeric value of the depth of the protrusion feature.

• Step While defining the depth of the protrusion feature by moving the cursor on the screen, the value in the Distance edit box increases or decreases in a predefined increment. This value is specified in the Step edit box.

Chapter 4 ¾ CREATING BASE FEATURES USING THE REVOLVED PROTRUSION

Profile for the revolve protrusion

Resulting revolved protrusion

Chapter 4 • Plane or Sketch Step This step is active whenever you invoke the Revolved Protrusion tool.

• Draw Profile Step The Draw Profile step is automatically invoked as soon as you select a reference plane to draw the profile of the revolved feature.

• Extent Step The Extent step is automatically invoked when you exit the sketching environment after creating the profile or after selecting the axis of revolution of the existing sketch.

• 1-Direction Revolve This option is invoked by default and allows you to revolve the profile in one of the directions of the sketching plane.

Chapter 4 • Non-symmetric Extent The Non-symmetric Extent button is chosen to revolve the profile nonsymmetrically on both sides of the plane on which the profile is created, or in other words, to specify different angles of revolution on both sides.

• Symmetric Extent The Symmetric Revolve button is chosen to revolve the profile symmetrically on both sides of the plane on which the profile is drawn.

• Revolve 360° This button is chosen to revolve the profile through 360-degree.

• Finite Extent This button is chosen by default to create the revolved feature and is used to revolve the profile through a specified angle.

Chapter 4 • Angle

180-degree revolved protrusion in one direction

180-degree revolved protrusion in the other direction

• Step This edit box is used to specify the value by which the angle value will be increased or decreased when you move the cursor in the drawing window to define the angle of revolution.

Chapter 4 ¾ ROTATING THE VIEW OF A MODEL IN 3D SPACE Solid Edge provides you with an option of rotating the view of a solid model freely in three-dimensional (3D) space. To invoke this option, choose the Rotate button from the Main toolbar. When you choose the Rotate button, a 3D indicator with three axes and the origin will be displayed at the center of the current view. This 3D indicator is called the Rotate tool.

Chapter 4 ¾ RESTORING STANDARD VIEWS To restore the standard views, choose the down arrow on the right of the Named Views tool in the Main toolbar; a drop-down list will be displayed with the standard views, as shown in the figure.

The Named Views drop-down list

¾ SETTING DISPLAY MODES You can set the display modes for the solid models using the buttons provided in the Main toolbar.

Chapter 4 The display modes that you can set for the solid models are:

• Shaded with Visible Edges In this mode, the models are displayed shaded along with all visible edges in them.

• Shaded In the Shaded display mode, the models are displayed shaded without highlighting any edge of the model.

• Visible and Hidden Edges In this display mode, all visible and hidden edges are displayed in the model.

• Visible Edges In this display mode, only the visible edges are displayed in the model.

• Drop Shadow This button is chosen to display the shadow of the solid model. The shadow will be displayed below the model

Chapter 4 ¾ IMPROVING THE DISPLAY QUALITY OF THE MODEL In Solid Edge, you can modify the display quality of the model by improving its sharpness. To modify the sharpness, choose the down arrow on the right of the Sharpen button in the Main toolbar. From this drop-down list, select the type of sharpness.

Chapter 4 ‰ Tutorial 1 In this tutorial, you will create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the drawing views, as shown in Figure B. (Expected time: 20 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 1

Figure B Top and sectioned front view showing the dimensions of the model

Chapter 4 1.

Start a new part file and then draw the profile of the outer loop from within the Protrusion tool, as shown in Figure C and Figure D.

Figure C Initial sketch for the base feature 2.

Figure D Sketch after trimming the unwanted portion

Add the required dimensions and relationships to the profile, as shown in Figure E.

Figure E Sketch after adding the relationships and dimensions

Chapter 4 3.

Draw the inner circles and add the required dimensions to them, as shown in Figure F.

Figure F Final sketch for Tutorial 1

4.

Exit the sketching environment and define the depth of the protrusion of the model, as shown in Figure G.

Figure G Model for Tutorial 1

5.

Increase the sharpness of the model and rotate the view in 3D space.

6.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c04\c04tut1.par and then close it.

Chapter 4 ‰ Tutorial 2 In this tutorial, you will open the sketch created in Exercise 1 of Chapter 2. You will then convert the sketch into a protrusion feature using the Protrusion tool. The depth of protrusion is 30 units. (Estimated time: 15 min) 1.

Save the sketch from the c02 folder to the c04 folder with the name c04tut2.par, as shown in Figure A.

Figure A Sketch for Tutorial 2

Chapter 4 2.

Open the sketch and extrude it to a distance of 30 units using the Protrusion tool, as shown in Figure B.

Figure B Model for Tutorial 2 3.

Rotate the view of the model in 3D space using the Rotate tool.

4.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c04\c04tut2.par and then close it.

Chapter 4 ‰ Tutorial 3 In this tutorial, you will open the sketch created in Tutorial 2 of Chapter 2. You will then convert the sketch into a revolved feature using the Revolved Protrusion tool. (Estimated time: 15 min) 1.

Save the sketch from the c02 folder to the c04 folder with the name c04tut3.par.

Figure A Sketch for the revolved model

Chapter 4 2.

Open the sketch and revolve it using the Revolved Protrusion tool, as shown in Figure B.

Figure B Revolved model for Tutorial 3 3.

Rotate the model in 3D space using the Rotate tool.

4.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c04\c04tut3.par and then close it.

Chapter 4 ‰ Exercise 1 Open the profile drawn in Exercise 2 of Chapter 2 and convert it into a protrusion feature. The depth of protrusion is 40 units. After creating the model, use the Rotate tool to rotate the view of the model. Before saving and closing the file, restore the isometric view of the model. (Expected time: 15 min)

‰ Exercise 2 Open the profile drawn in Tutorial 1 of Chapter 2 and convert it into a protrusion feature. The depth of protrusion is 40 units. After creating the model, use the Rotate tool to rotate the view of the model. Before saving and closing the file, restore the isometric view of the model. (Expected time: 15 min)

Chapter 5 Learning Objectives: • Understand the use of reference geometries • Create reference planes • Control the display of reference axes • Create new coordinate systems • Use additional termination options to create protrusion features • Create protruded and revolved cutouts • Include edges of the existing features as sketched entities in the current sketch • Work with advanced drawing display tools

Chapter 5 ¾ ADDITIONAL SKETCHING AND REFERENCE PLANES Most mechanical designs consist of a number of sketched, reference, and placed features that are integrated together.

Model with multiple features

Base feature of the model

Chapter 5

Various features in the model

• Local Reference Planes Local reference planes are the ones that are created while defining a feature.

• Global Reference Planes Global reference planes are the ones that are created separately as a feature using the tools available in the Features toolbar.

Chapter 5 ¾ CREATING REFERENCE PLANES • Creating Coincident Plane

Creating a coincident plane with the bottom edge defining the orientation of the X axis

Creating a coincident plane with the inclined edge defining the orientation of the X axis

Preview of the reference plane after reversing thepositive X axis direction

Chapter 5 • Creating Parallel Plane

Using the center point in the model to define the location of the parallel plane

Using the tangent point in the model to define the location of the parallel plane

Chapter 5 • Creating Angled Plane

Various selections to create angled reference plane

• Creating Perpendicular Plane

Various selections to create perpendicular reference plane

Chapter 5 • Creating Coincident Plane by Axis The Coincident Plane By Axis tool works in the same way as the Coincident Plane tool. The only difference is that in this tool, after selecting the plane, you will also be prompted to select the edge to define the direction of the positive X axis and the orientation of the plane.

• Creating a Plane Normal to an Edge or a Sketched Curve

Creating a plane normal to a sketched curve

Chapter 5 • Creating a Plane Using Three Points

Creating a plane using three points

• Displaying the Reference Axes Solid Edge automatically creates reference axes when you create a revolved feature, hole feature, or any other circular or semicircular feature.

Chapter 5 ¾ UNDERSTANDING COORDINATE SYSTEMS Every part file that you start in Solid Edge has a coordinate system defined in it. This default coordinate system is called the base coordinate system.

• Creating Coordinate System When you invoke the Coordinate System tool, the Coordinate System Options dialog box is displayed, as shown in the figure.

The Coordinate System Options dialog box

Chapter 5 • Origin Step This option is active by default when the Coordinate System ribbon bar is displayed. In this step, you need to define the point where the origin of the coordinate system will be placed.

• Orientation Step In this step, you need to define the orientation of the X, Y, and Z axes of the new coordinate system relative to those of the default coordinate system (model space) or any other coordinate system selected from the Relative to drop-down list.

• First Axis Step In this step, you need to define the orientation of the first axis of the coordinate system. By default, the X-Axis button is chosen from the ribbon bar.

Chapter 5 • Second Axis Step In this step, you need to define the orientation of the second axis of the coordinate system.

Coordinate system in the model

Chapter 5 ¾ USING THE OTHER OPTIONS OF THE PROTRUSION TOOL • Side Step The side step is used while creating additional features on the base feature using open sketches.

Open sketch and the side on which the material will be added

Resulting feature

Chapter 5 • Extent Step In this step, there are some more options available in the ribbon bar, which are as follows:

• Through All

Extruding the sketch using the Through All option

Chapter 5 • Through Next

Extruding the sketch using the Through Next option

• From/To Extent

Extruding the sketch using the From/To Extent option

Creating a protrusion feature by defining offset values for the “from” and “to” surfaces

Chapter 5

Sketch extruded using the Through All option on both sides of the sketching plane with the Non-symmetric Extent option

• Treatment Step In this step, you can add a draft or crown to the protrusion feature.

Chapter 5

Different drafts applied to both sides of a protrusion feature

Different crowns applied to both sides of a protrusion feature

Chapter 5 • Treatment Options This button is chosen to display the Treatment Options dialog box, as shown in the figure.

The Treatment Options dialog box

• No Treatment When you invoke the Treatment step, this button is chosen by default.As a result, no treatment is applied to the model.

Chapter 5 • Draft The Draft button is chosen to add a draft to the protrusion feature.

• Crown The Crown button is chosen to add a crown to the protrusion feature. When you choose this button, the Crown Parameters dialog box will be displayed.

The Crown Parameters dialog box

Chapter 5 • Crown Type The Crown Type drop-down list is used to select the technique of applying a crown to the feature. The options available in this drop-down list are: • No Crown

• Offset

• Radius

• Offset and take-off

• Radius and take-off

• Radius The Radius edit box is used to specify the radius value of the crown and will be available only when you select the Radius or the Radius and take-off crown type. • Offset The Offset edit box is used to specify the offset value of the crown and will be available only when you select the Offset or the Offset and take-off crown type.

Chapter 5 • Takeoff The Takeoff edit box is used to specify the takeoff value of the crown and will be available only when you select the Radius and take-off or the Offset and take-off crown type. • Flip Side The Flip Side button is used to reverse the side on which the crown is applied. • Flip Curvature The Flip Curvature button is used to reverse the curvature of the crown. • Preview Window The Preview window displays the preview of various crown parameters that you define using the Crown Parameters dialog box.

Chapter 5

Preview of the crown showing the side of the crown

Feature with the resulting crown

Preview of the crown showing the side of the crown

Feature with the resulting crown

Chapter 5 • Crown Parameters The Crown Parameters button is chosen to redisplay the Crown Parameters dialog box for modifying the crown parameters.

¾ CREATING CUTOUT FEATURES Cutouts are created by removing the material, defined by a profile, from one or more existing features. In Solid Edge, you can create various types of cutouts such as extruded cutouts, revolved cutouts, swept cutouts, and so on.

Chapter 5 • Creating Extruded Cutouts

Base feature and the sketch for the cutout

Rotated view of the model after creating the cutout

Chapter 5

Sketch for the cutout and the direction for cutout pointing inside the sketch

Resulting cutout created by removing the material inside the sketch

Sketch for the cutout and the direction for cutout pointing outside the sketch

Resulting cutout created by removing the material outside the sketch

Chapter 5

Open profile and the side of material removal

Resulting cutout created by removing the material above the open profile

Open profile and the side of material removal

Resulting cutout created by removing the material below the open profile

Chapter 5 • Creating Revolved Cutouts

Open profile and the side of material removal

Resulting revolved cutout created by removing the material on the right of the profile

Chapter 5

Open profile and the side of material removal

Resulting revolved cutout created by removing the material on the right of the profile

Chapter 5 ¾ INCLUDING THE EDGES OF THE EXISTING FEATURES IN THE SKETCH Choose the Include button from the Draw toolbar to display the Include Options dialog box, as shown in the figure.

The Include Options dialog box

Chapter 5 • Include with offset This check box is selected to project the geometries with some offset value.

• Include internal face loop If this check box is selected, the geometries of all internal loops on a face will also be projected when you select a face to project the edges.

• Assembly Part Include Options Area The options available in this area are used in the assembly modeling environment.

• Allow locate of Peer Parts and Assembly Sketches • Make included geometry associative • Select Step • Offset Step

Chapter 5 ¾ ADVANCED DRAWING DISPLAY TOOLS • Creating User-defined Named Views You can use the Named Views drop-down list in the Main toolbar to invoke the standard named views. In Solid Edge, you can also create user-defined standard views that are automatically added to the Named Views drop-down list.

• Using the Common Views Solid Edge provides you with a very user-friendly tool called Common Views to set the current view to some standard common views.

Chapter 5 ‰ Tutorial 1 In this tutorial, you will create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the views, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name \SolidEdge\c05\c05tut1.par. (Expected time: 45 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 1

Figure B Dimensions to create the model

Chapter 5 1

Create the base feature with two holes on the top plane, refer to Figures C and D.

Figure C Dimensioned profile for the base feature

Figure D Base feature of the model

Chapter 5 2.

Define a new reference plane at an angle of 45-degree to the right edge of the base feature and use it to draw the profile for the second feature, refer to Figure E .

Figure E Profile for the second feature

Chapter 5 3.

Extrude the profile up to the next face to complete the feature, as shown in Figure F.

Figure F Final model for Tutorial 1 4.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c05\c05tut1.par and then close it.

Chapter 5 ‰ Tutorial 2 In this tutorial, you will create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the views, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name \SolidEdge\c05\c05tut2.par. (Expected time: 45 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 2

Figure B Dimensions of the model

Chapter 5 1.

Create the base feature on the right plane, refer to Figures C and D.

Figure C Dimensioned profile for the base feature

Figure D Base feature of the model

Chapter 5 2.

Select the top planar face of the base feature as the sketching plane and then create the second feature, refer to Figures E and F.

Figure E Open profile for the second feature

Figure F Model after creating the second feature

Chapter 5 3.

Define a reference plane at an offset of 10 units from the bottom face of the second feature and use it to create the third feature, as shown in Figure G.

Figure G Model after creating the third feature

Chapter 5 4.

Create two holes on the left face of the base feature using the Cutout tool, as shown in Figure H and Figure I.

Figure H Profile for the cutout

Figure I Model after creating the cutout

Chapter 5 5.

Similarly, create the remaining cutouts to complete the model, as shown in Figure J.

Figure J Final model for Tutorial 2

6.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c05\c05tut2.par and then close it.

Chapter 5 ‰ Tutorial 3 In this tutorial, you will create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the views, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name \SolidEdge\c05\c05tut3.par. (Expected time: 45 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 3

Figure B Views and dimensions for Tutorial 3

Chapter 5 1

Create the base feature on the top plane, as shown in Figures C and Figure D.

Figure C Profile for the base feature

Figure D Base feature of the model

Chapter 5 2.

Create the second feature also on the top plane, refer to Figures E and F.

Figure E Sketch of the second feature

Figure F Model after creating the feature

Chapter 5 3.

Invoke the Sketch tool and draw a sketch on the top plane,as shown in Figure G.

Figure G Sketch after adding fillet

4.

Create a cutout in the second feature using the sketch, as shown in Figure H.

Figure H Model after creating the cutout

Chapter 5 5.

Create a protrusion feature using the same sketch to complete the model, as shown in Figure I.

Figure I Final model for Tutorial 3 6.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c05\c05tut3.par and then close it.

Chapter 5 ‰ Exercise 1 Create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the views, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c05\c05exr1.par. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 1

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Exercise 1

Chapter 5 ‰ Exercise 2 Create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the views, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c05\c05exr2.par (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 2

Figure B Model for Exercise 2

Chapter 6 Learning Objectives: • Use the Hole tool for creating various types of holes • Fillet edges of a model • Chamfer edges of a model • Mirror features and solid bodies • Create rectangular patterns of features • Create circular patterns of features • Create rib features

Chapter 6 ¾ ADVANCED MODELING TOOLS The advanced modeling tools appreciably reduce the time taken in creating the features in the models, thus reducing the designing time.

¾ CREATING HOLES To specify the hole options, choose the Hole Options button from the ribbon bar; the Hole Options dialog box will be displayed, as shown in the figure.

The Hole Options dialog box

Chapter 6 The options available in the Hole Options dialog box are:

• Saved settings This drop-down list is used to select the saved hole settings. By default, this drop-down list does not have any option.

• Save This button is chosen to save the hole settings with some name.

• Delete This button is chosen to delete the saved hole setting that is current in the Saved settings drop-down list.

• Type This drop-down list is used to specify the type of hole that you want to create.

Chapter 6 • Simple This option is selected to create a simple hole.

Section view of a simple hole

• Threaded This option is selected to create a threaded hole.

• Tapered This option is selected to create a tapered hole.

Section view of a tapered hole

Chapter 6 • Counterbore This option is selected to create a counterbore hole.

Section view of a counterbore hole

• Countersink This option is used to create a countersink hole.

Section view of a countersink hole

Chapter 6 • Unit This drop-down list is used to specify the units for creating a hole.

• Settings Area Options (For Simple Hole) The remaining options in the Settings area depend on the type of hole selected from the Type drop-down list. • Diameter

• Settings Area Options (For Threaded Hole) In addition to the Diameter drop-down list, the following options are provided by the Settings area:

• Thread • To hole extent • Finite extent

Chapter 6 • Settings Area Options (For Tapered Hole) In addition to the Diameter drop-down list, the following options are provided by the Settings area:

• Profile at bottom

• Ratio (R:L)

• Profile at top

• Angle

• Decimal (R/L)

• Settings Area Options (For Counterbore Hole) In addition to the Diameter drop-down list, the following options are provided by the Settings area for the counterbore hole type:

• Profile at top

• Counterbore depth

• Profile at bottom

• V bottom angle

• Counterbore diameter

Chapter 6

Section view of a counterbore hole with V bottom defined for counterbore

• Settings Area Options (For Countersink Hole) In addition to the Diameter drop-down list, the following options are provided by the Settings area for the countersink hole type:

• Countersink diameter

• Countersink angle

Chapter 6 • Extents Area Most of the options available in the Extents area are the standard termination options that are discussed in the Protrusion tool.

• V bottom angle

Section view of the countersink hole with V bottom

• Dimension to flat • Dimension to V

Chapter 6 • Plane Step The Plane step allows you to select the plane on which the profile of the hole will be placed.

• Hole Step The Hole step will be automatically invoked as soon as you specify the plane to place the hole profile. Profiles for four counterbore holes placed in the sketching environment

• Extent Step Model after creating four counterbore holes

Chapter 6 ¾ CREATING ROUNDS In Solid Edge, you can add fillets or rounds to the sharp edges of the models using the Round tool. You can select the type of round you want to create from the Round Options dialog box, as shown in the figure.

The Round Options dialog box

• Creating Constant Radius Round To create this type of round, select the Constant radius option from the Round Options dialog box. The options available in the ribbon bar in this step are:

Chapter 6 • Select The Select drop-down list provides various selection types for selecting the entities to fillet. • Edge/Corner

• Feature

• Chain

• All Fillets

• Face

• All Rounds

• Loop

Round added to the model using the All Fillets option

Round added to the model using the All Rounds option

Chapter 6 • Radius • The Radius edit box is used to specify the radius value. • This edit box will be enabled only after selecting the edges to fillet. • In Solid Edge, you can modify the round parameters using the Round Parameters dialog box, as shown in the figure.

The Round Parameters dialog box

Chapter 6 • Roll across tangent edges

Model before creating the round

Round rolled across the tangent edge

Round terminated at the tangent edge

Chapter 6 • Cap sharp edges

Round created by capping the sharp edges

• Roll along sharp edges

Round created by rolling along the sharp edges

Chapter 6 • Force roll along at blend ends This check box is selected to force the round at the blend ends to retain the sharp edges.

• Miter at corner This radio button is selected to create a miter at the sharp corner.

• Roll around corner

Edges rounded without setback

Edges rounded with setback

Chapter 6 • Select This drop-down list enables you to select the corner to soften.

• Method This drop-down list is used to specify the method of adding the setback to the corner.

• Value This edit box is used to specify the setback value.

• Unique Edge Values

Setback with different values along each edge

Chapter 6 • Creating Variable Radius Round

Variable radius round

¾ CREATING CHAMFERS Chamfering is defined as the process of beveling the sharp edges of a model to reduce the area of stress concentration. The Chamfer Options dialog box is displayed by choosing the Chamfer Options button from the ribbon bar.

The Chamfer Options dialog box

Chapter 6 • Equal setbacks

Model without chamfer

Model after creating the chamfer

Chapter 6 • Angle and setback

Selecting the face and edge to chamfer

Model after creating the chamfer

• 2 Setbacks This radio button is selected to create a chamfer using two different distances.

Chapter 6 ¾ CREATING RECTANGULAR AND CIRCULAR PATTERNS

Model with features arranged in a rectangular fashion

Model with features arranged in a circular fashion

Chapter 6 • Creating Rectangular Patterns • Select Step When you invoke the Pattern tool, this step is active and you will be prompted to click on a feature.

• Plane or Sketch Step This step is used to select the plane on which the profile of a rectangular or circular pattern will be drawn.

• Draw Profile Step This step is used to draw the profile of a pattern you want to create.

Chapter 6 • Pattern Type Drop-down List This drop-down list is used to specify the method of defining the placement of occurrences in the rectangular pattern. • Fit • Fill • Fixed

• X/Y These edit boxes are used to specify the occurrences along the X and Y directions and are available only for the Fit and Fixed pattern types. • X space/Y space • Width/Height

Chapter 6 • Stagger Options

The Stagger Options dialog box is displayed on choosing the Stagger Options button.

The Stagger Options dialog box

Chapter 6 • Reference Point

Pattern staggered along the row

Selecting the lower left corner of the rectangle as the reference point

Pattern staggered along the column

Resulting rectangular pattern

Chapter 6 • Suppress Occurrence

Selecting the lower right corner of the rectangle as the reference point

Resulting rectangular pattern

Pattern without suppressing the occurrences

Pattern with some occurrences suppressed

Chapter 6 • Smart/Fast The Smart button is chosen to create patterns that require more complex situations.

Model with a complex pattern situation

• Creating Circular Patterns • Profile Step To create a circular pattern, you need to draw its profile, which is a circle or an arc. This circle or arc acts as the reference to arrange the occurrences in the circular fashion. • Reference Point This button is chosen to change the reference point of the pattern.

Chapter 6 • Suppress Occurrence This button is chosen to suppress some of the occurrences in the circular pattern. • Pattern Type Drop-down List This drop-down list is used to specify the method of defining the placement of occurrences in the circular pattern. • Fit • Fill • Fixed

• Partial Circle This button is chosen when you do not want to create a circular pattern through a complete circle.

Chapter 6

Circular pattern placed along partial circle in the counterclockwise direction

Circular pattern placed along partial circle in the clockwise direction

• Full Circle

Full circle circular pattern

Chapter 6 • Radius This edit box is used to specify the radius of the profile of the circular pattern. • Sweep This edit box is available only when you choose the Partial Circle button and is used to specify the angle of the partial circle. • Count This edit box is used to specify the occurrences in the circular pattern. • Spacing This edit box is used to specify the individual spacing between the occurrences in the circular pattern.

Chapter 6 ¾ CREATING PATTERN ALONG A CURVE • Select Step This step is active when you invoke the Pattern Along Curve tool. In this step, you are prompted to click on a feature to pattern.

• Select Curve Step This step is used to select the curve along which the pattern will be created.

• Pattern Curve This button enables you to select the curve along which the selected feature will be patterned.

Chapter 6 • Anchor Point

Preview of a pattern along the curve

Preview of a pattern with different anchor point

• Path Curve Step

Preview of a pattern with the direction and the path curve

Chapter 6 • Advanced Definition Step This step is used to specify the advanced parameters of the pattern along the curve.

• Transformation Type This drop-down list is used to specify the types of transformation of occurrences in the resulting pattern. • Linear

Pattern with linear transformation

Chapter 6 • Full

Pattern with full transformation

• From Plane This option allows you to select a plane on which the original occurrence and a pattern occurrence are projected and the measured angle defines the orientation of the pattern occurrence.

• Rotation Type This drop-down list is used to specify the types of rotation of the occurrences in the resulting pattern.

Chapter 6 • Curve Position

Pattern with curve position rotation

• Feature Position

Pattern with feature position rotation

Chapter 6 • Reference Point This button is chosen to change the reference point of the pattern.

• Suppress Occurrence This button is chosen to suppress some of the occurrences of the pattern.

• Insert Occurrence This button is chosen to insert additional occurrences in the pattern.

¾ MIRRORING SELECTED FEATURES AND BODIES • Mirroring Selected Features The Mirror Copy Feature tool enables you to mirror the selected features about a selected reference plane or planar face.

• Select Features Step This step enables you to select the features you want to mirror.

Chapter 6 • Plane Step

Model before mirroring the features

Model after mirroring the features about the plane passing through the center of the model

• Mirroring Bodies The Mirror Copy tool enables you to mirror the selected body about a selected reference plane or planar face.

Chapter 6 • Select Step This step allows you to select the body you want to mirror.

• Plane Step

Body selected to mirror and the mirror plane

Model after mirroring the body

Chapter 6 ‰ Tutorial 1 In this tutorial, you will create the model, as shown in Figure A. The dimensions of this model are given in the drawing, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c06\c06tut1.par (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 1

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Tutorial 1

Chapter 6 1.

Start Solid Edge in the Part environment. Create the profile for the base revolved feature on the front plane and revolve it through 360-degree, refer to Figures C and D.

Figure C Sketch for the revolve feature

Figure D Base revolve feature

Chapter 6 2.

Create the next join feature, as shown in Figure E, Figure F and Figure G.

Figure E Selecting the bottom face of the model as the sketching plane

Figure G Top view of the model after creating the protrusion feature

Figure F Sketch for the protrusion feature

Chapter 6 3.

Create a counterbore hole on the new feature, as shown in Figure H.

Figure H Model after creating the counterbore hole

4.

Create a circular pattern of the second feature and a hole, as shown in Figure I.

Figure I Final model for Tutorial 1

5.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c06\c06tut1.par and then close it.

Chapter 6 ‰ Tutorial 2 In this tutorial, you will create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the drawing, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c06\c06tut2.par

Figure A Model for Tutorial 2

(Expected time: 30 min)

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Tutorial 2

Chapter 6 1.

Create the base feature on the front plane, as shown in Figure C and Figure D. The sketch for the base feature consists of a square with fillet on all the four corners.

Figure C Sketch of the base feature

Figure D Model after creating the base feature

Chapter 6 2.

On the front face of the base feature, create the circular protrusion feature, as shown in Figure E.

Figure E Model after creating the circular protrusion feature

3.

Add two rectangular join features to the cylindrical feature, as shown in Figure F and Figure G, and then create the rectangular cut feature on one of the rectangular join features.

Figure F Model after creating the top rectangular join features

Figure G Model after creating the side rectangular join features

Chapter 6 4.

Create all simple holes on the rectangular features by defining the sketch plane on the required planes, as shown in Figure H and Figure I.

Figure H Dimensional hole profiles

Figure I Model after creating simple holes

Chapter 6 5.

Create one counterbore hole on the front face of the base feature.

6.

Create a rectangular pattern of the counterbore hole, as shown in Figure J.

Figure J Model after creating pattern of the counterbore hole

7.

Create the fillet on the circular protrusion feature to complete the model, as shown in Figure K.

Figure K Final model for Tutorial 2

8.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c06\c06tut2.par and then close it.

Chapter 6 ‰ Tutorial 3 In this tutorial, you will create the model of the Guide bracket, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the drawing, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c06\c06tut3.par (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 3

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Tutorial 3

Chapter 6 1.

Create the profile of the base feature on the top plane and then extrude it symmetrically to the sketching plane, as shown in Figure C.

Figure C Base feature of the model

2.

Create a reference plane at an offset of 20 in the downward direction from the top planar face of the base feature. Use this reference plane to create the second protrusion feature, as shown in Figure D.

Figure D Model after creating the second feature

Chapter 6 3.

Mirror the second feature about the top plane, as shown in Figure E.

Figure E Model after mirroring the second feature

4.

Create the fourth feature on the front plane and extrude it symmetrically through a distance of 22, as shown in Figure F and Figure G.

Figure F Open profile for the fourth feature

Figure G Model after creating the fourth feature

Chapter 6 5.

Create the through simple holes on the second feature and the fourth feature to complete the model, as shown in Figure H.

Figure H Final model of the Guide bracket for Tutorial 3 6.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c06\c06tut3.par and then close it.

Chapter 6 ‰ Exercise 1 Create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the views, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c06\c06exr1.par (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 1

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Exercise 1

Chapter 6 ‰ Exercise 2 Create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the views, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c06\c06exr2.par (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 2

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Exercise 2

Chapter 8 Learning Objectives: • Edit features in a model. • Edit sketches of the sketched features. • Redefine the sketching plane of a feature. • Suppress features. • Unsuppress features. • Delete features. • Copy and paste features. • Assign different color to a face or a feature.

Chapter 8 ¾ EDITING FEATURES IN A MODEL • Editing is one of the most important aspects of a design process. • Most of the designs require editing, either when they are being created or after their completion. • Solid Edge is a feature-based solid modeling tool.

Plate with four counterbore holes

Plate with six countersink holes

Chapter 8 • Edit Definition When you select a feature and invoke this editing tool, the ribbon bar of the tool that was used to create that feature will be displayed with all the steps available in it.

• Edit Profile This editing tool is used to directly invoke the sketching environment to edit the profile of a profile-based feature.

• Dynamic Edit

Dynamically editing the model by dragging the sketch

Same model after dynamically editing the profile

Chapter 8 ¾ SUPPRESSING FEATURES All features that are dependent on the feature that you select to suppress are also suppressed. To suppress a feature, right-click on the feature in the EdgeBar and then choose Suppress from the shortcut menu, as shown in the figure.

Suppressing a feature using the EdgeBar

Chapter 8 ¾ UNSUPPRESSING THE SUPPRESSED FEATURES To unsuppress a feature, right-click on the suppressed feature in the EdgeBar and then choose Unsuppress from the shortcut menu. The selected feature will be displayed in the model again.

¾ DELETING FEATURES Select the feature to be deleted from the EdgeBar or from the model in the drawing window and press the DELETE key from the keyboard. The selected feature will be deleted.

¾ COPYING AND PASTING FEATURES In Solid Edge, you can copy and paste a feature from the current file to any other file or to some other place in the same file.

Chapter 8

Preview of the hole feature being copied

Three instances of hole placed on the selected plane

Copying a feature from one file to the other by dragging

Chapter 8 ¾ ROLLING BACK THE MODEL TO A FEATURE To roll back the model to a particular feature, select it in the EdgeBar. Right-click to display the shortcut menu and choose GoTo, as shown in the figure.

¾ ASSIGNING COLOR TO A PART, FEATURE, OR FACE In Solid Edge, you can represent a face or feature of a model differently by assigning a different color to the selected face or feature. The remaining features will have the color of the model, but the selected face or feature can be assigned a different color. Partial view of the shortcut menu to roll back the model to a particular feature

Chapter 8 ¾ PLAYING BACK THE CONSTRUCTION OF FEATURES Using Solid Edge, you can view the animation of the sequence of the feature construction. This is done using the Feature Playback tab of the EdgeBar.

¾ CHECKING THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF A MODEL To check the physical properties of a model in Solid Edge, choose Inspect > Physical Properties from the menu bar. The Physical Properties dialog box will be displayed, as shown in the figure.

The Physical Properties dialog box

Chapter 8 ¾ MODIFYING THE DISPLAY OF CONSTRUCTION ENTITIES Solid Edge allows you to show or hide all the construction entities together using the Construction Display dialog box shown in the figure. To invoke this dialog box, choose the Constriction Display button from the Features toolbar.

The Construction Display dialog box

Chapter 8 ‰ Tutorial 1 In this tutorial, you will create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the drawing views, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, modify the central hole in the cylindrical feature to a counterbore hole. The counterbore diameter should be 36 and the hole diameter should be 24. The counterbore depth should be 10. Also, change the holes on the top planar face of the model to countersink holes with the countersink diameter 14 and hole diameter 8. The countersink angle should be 82-degree. Increase the number of occurrences along the shorter side to 3. Save the model with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c06\c06tut1.par (Expected time: 30 min)

Chapter 8

Figure A Model for Tutorial 1

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Tutorial 1

Chapter 8 1.

Start Solid Edge in the Part environment and create the base feature on the front plane,refer to Figure C.

Figure C Base feature of the model

2.

Create a simple hole in the cylindrical feature of the model, as shown in Figure D.

Figure D Model after creating the central hole

Chapter 8 3.

Add round to the vertical edges of the top of the base feature, as shown in Figure E.

Figure E Model after creating the round tool

4.

Create a simple hole on the top face of the base feature, as shown in Figure F.

Figure F Model after creating the top hole

Chapter 8 5.

Create a rectangular pattern of holes on the top face of the base feature, as shown in Figure G.

Figure G Model after patterning the holes

Chapter 8 6.

Modify the central hole and the hole on the top face of the base feature, as shown in Figure H.

Figure H Model after editing the holes

7.

Modify the number of items in the rectangular pattern of holes, as shown in Figure I.

Figure I Final model after editing the pattern of holes

8.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c07\c07tut1.par and then close it.

Chapter 8 ‰ Tutorial 2 In this tutorial, you will create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the drawing views, as shown in Figure B. In this model, you will create one of the holes using the Hole tool and the remaining holes will be created by copying and pasting the first hole. Save the model with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c07\c07tut2.par (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 2

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Tutorial 2

Chapter 8 1.

Start a new part file and create the base feature on the top plane,as shown in Figure C.

Figure C Base feature of the model

2.

Add the other protrusion features to the model, as shown in Figure D.

Figure D Model after adding the other protrusion and round features

Chapter 8 3.

Create a simple hole on one of the faces of the model, as shown in Figure E.

Figure E Model after adding the hole

4.

Copy and paste the holes on the other faces, as shown in Figure F and Figure G.

Figure F Selecting the face to paste the hole feature

Figure G Model after pasting the hole on the selected face

Chapter 8 5.

Edit the profiles of the copied holes and make them concentric to the arcs on the faces, as shown in Figure H.

Figure H Final model for Tutorial 2 6.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c07\c07tut2.par and then close it.

Chapter 8 ‰ Tutorial 3 In this tutorial, you will create the model, as shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in Figure B. After completing the model, you will modify the dimension 100 of the base to 120 and correspondingly modify the dimensions of the other features. Save the model with the name \Solid Edge\c07\c07tut3.par. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 3

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Tutorial 3

Chapter 8 1.

Start a new part file and create the base feature on the front plane,as shown in Figure C.

Figure C Base feature of the model

2.

Add the other protrusion features on the top face of the model, as shown in Figure D.

Figure D Model after adding features on the top face of the base feature

Chapter 8 3.

Add the features on the back face of the model, as shown in Figure E.

Figure E Model after adding features on the back face

4.

Create two hole features, as shown in Figure F.

Figure F Model after adding holes

Chapter 8 5.

Edit the extrusion depth of the base feature, as shown in Figure G.

Figure G Final model after editing the base feature

6.

Change the color of the model to copper.

7.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c07\c07tut3.par and then close it.

Chapter 8 ‰ Exercise 1 Open the model created in Exercise 1 of Chapter 6 and modify some of its dimensions. After modifying the dimensions, save it with the name given below so that the original file is not modified. \Solid Edge\c07\c07exr1.par (Expected time: 15 min)

Chapter 8 ‰ Exercise 2 Create the model, as shown in Figure A. The dimensions of the model are given in the views, as shown in Figure B. After creating the model, edit some of its dimensions. Save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c07\c07exr2.par (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 2

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Exercise 2

Chapter 8 Learning Objectives: •

Use the Thread tool for creating external and internal threads.



Add drafts to models.

• Add lip features. • Create thin wall features. • Create thin region features. • Create ribs. • Create web networks. • Create vent features • Create mounting bosses.

Chapter 8 ¾ ADVANCED MODELING TOOLS • CREATING INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL THREADS In Solid Edge, you can create internal or external threads using the Thread tool.

• Straight This radio button is selected to create threads on a straight feature.

• Taper This radio button is selected to create threads on a tapered feature.

• Taper angle You can enter the taper angle in this edit box or select the predefined taper angles from the drop-down list.

The Thread Options dialog box

Chapter 8 After specifying the parameters in the Thread Options dialog box, this tool works in the three steps that are:

• Select Cylinder Step This step is automatically invoked when you exit the Thread Options dialog box.

• Cylinder End Step This step will be automatically invoked after you select a cylinder or a hole to create threads.

• Parameters Step This step enables you to specify the parameters of the thread that you want to create. The options available in this drop-down list are:

• Offset This edit box is used to specify the distance between the start of the thread and the cylinder end selected in the second step.

Chapter 8 • Depth This drop-down list is used to specify the depth up to which the thread will be created. The options available in this drop-down list are discussed next. • To cylinder extent

This is the default option and it creates threads through the entire length of the cylinder or hole. • Finite value

This option enables you to create threads up to a specified depth. • Type This drop-down list is used to specify the type of thread you want to create. • Thread unit This drop-down list is used to specify the unit of threads.

Chapter 8 ¾ ADDING DRAFTS TO THE MODEL Adding draft is a process of tapering the selected faces of a model for its easy removal from casting during manufacturing.

• Creating a Draft From Plane You can create a draft from a plane using the following three steps.

• Draft Plane Step This step will prompt you to click on a planar face or a reference plane.

• Select Face Step This step enables you to select one or more faces on which the draft will be added. The Draft Options dialog box

Chapter 8

Draft added with top face as the draft plane

Draft added with bottom face as the draft plane

• Draft Direction Step

Defining the draft direction using an inclined line on the upper horizontal edge

Resulting draft

Chapter 8 • Creating a Draft From an Edge In the edge draft, you are allowed to select an edge from where the draft angle will be measured.

¾

ADDING RIBS TO THE MODEL Ribs are defined as thin wall-like structures used to bind the joints together so that they do not fail under an increased load.

Open profile to create a rib

Resulting rib feature

Chapter 8 • Plane or Sketch Step This step enables you to select a sketching plane for drawing the profile of the rib feature.

• Draw Profile Step This step will be automatically invoked when you select the sketching plane for drawing the profile of the rib feature.

• Direction Step This step enables you to define the direction of rib creation, and therefore, you are prompted to click to accept the displayed side or select the other side in the view.

Preview of the direction in which the rib will be created

Preview of the direction in which the rib will not be created

Chapter 8 • Side Step In the Side step, you are allowed to specify the side of the sketching plane on which the rib will be created.

Preview of the symmetric rib

• Extend Profile With Extend Profile button chosen open profiles can be used for rib feature creation.

Rib feature extended to the adjacent features

Open profile not extended to the adjacent features

Chapter 8 • No Extend This button is chosen when you do not want to extend the rib to the adjacent faces.

Rib feature extended to the adjacent faces using the Extend Profile button

Rib feature not extended to the adjacent faces using the No Extend button

Chapter 8 • Extend to Next This button is chosen when you want to extend the rib to the next features in the direction that you specified in the Direction

Rib feature created by extending the profile to the next features

• Finite Depth This button is chosen when you want to extend the rib to a finite depth in the direction that you specified in the Direction step. Rib feature created up to a finite depth

Chapter 8 • Thickness This edit box is used to specify the thickness of the rib feature.

• Depth It is used to specify the depth of the rib when you want to extend it to a finite depth.

¾ ADDING THIN WALL FEATURES By adding the thin wall feature, you will be able to scoop out material from a model and make it hollow from inside.

Model with the thin wall feature added

Chapter 8 • Common Thickness Step This step enables you to specify the common thickness for the thin wall feature.

• Offset Outside The Offset Outside button is chosen to define the wall thickness outside the model with respect to its outer faces.

• Offset Inside The Offset Inside button is chosen by default and is used to define the wall thickness inside the model with respect to its outer faces.

• Symmetrical The Symmetrical button is chosen to calculate the wall thickness equally in both the directions of the outer faces of the model.

• Common thickness This edit box is used to specify the common thickness for the thin wall feature.

Chapter 8 • Open Faces Step You can specify the face that you want to remove from the thin wall feature.

Thin wall model with front and left faces removed

• Unique Thickness Step You can use this step to select faces from which a different wall thickness will be applied.

Thin wall model with different wall thicknesses

Chapter 8 ¾ ADDING THIN WALLS TO A PARTICULAR REGION This option is used to add the thin wall feature to a particular region instead of complete model.

• Faces To Thin Step In this step, you can select the faces of the region to add the thin wall feature and specify the common thickness.

• Open Faces Step In this step, you can select the faces that you want to remove from the thin wall region.

Model with the thin wall feature added to a particular region

Selecting the faces of the model to create thin wall region

Chapter 8 • Capping Faces Step Capping face can be considered as the face that defines the termination of the thin region.

Surface used as the capping face

Surface with offset as the capping face

Top face with offset as the capping face

• Unique Thickness Step This step, used to define different thicknesses to the selected faces, works similar to the Unique Thickness step in the Thin Wall tool.

Chapter 8 ¾

ADDING LIP TO THE MODEL The Lip tool enables you to add a lip to the model by adding the material along the selected edges or by adding groove to the model by removing the material along the selected edges.

• Select Edge Step This step allows you to select the edge along which you want to add a lip or groove.

• Direction Step This step enables you to specify the direction and size of the lip feature.

Location of the rectangle

Resulting lip feature

Chapter 8

Location of the rectangle

Resulting lip feature

¾ CREATING WEB NETWORKS The Web Network tool enables you to create a network of web using open entities.

Thin wall model and a network of lines

Resulting web network

Chapter 8 • Plane or Sketch Step This step enables you to select a sketching plane for drawing the profile of the web network.

• Draw Profile Step This step will be automatically invoked when you select the sketching plane for drawing the profile of the web network.

• Direction Step This step enables you to define the direction in which the web network will be created.

Web network with webs not extended

Webs defined up to a finite depth

Chapter 8 • Treatment Step This step is used to add a draft to the webs in the web network. It works similar to the Treatment step in the Protrusion tool.

¾

CREATING VENTS The Vent tool enables you to create a vent in an existing model by defining the boundary of the vent and the ribs and spars in the vent.

Parameters related to the vent

Resulting model with the vent

Chapter 8 • Vent Options Dialog Box Options The options available in this dialog box are discussed next.

The Vent Options dialog box

• Saved settings This drop-down list displays the list of settings that you have saved.

Chapter 8 • Thickness Ribs/Spars These edit boxes are used to specify the thickness of ribs and spars.

Ribs and spars thickness as 2

Ribs and spars thickness as 5

• Extension Ribs/Spars These edit boxes are used to specify the distance by which the ribs and spars will extend beyond the boundary of the vent.

Chapter 8

Ribs and spars not extended

Ribs and spars extended beyond the boundary

• Offset Ribs/Spars These edit boxes are used to specify the distance by which the ribs and spars will be offset from the face on which the profile is projected.

Ribs and spars starting at an offset from the top face

Chapter 8 • Depth Ribs/Spars These edit boxes are used to specify the depth of ribs and spars.

Ribs and spars depth = 2

Ribs depth = 4, spars depth = 6

• Draft angle The Draft angle check box is selected to add a draft to the ribs and spars in the vent.

Chapter 8 • Round & fillet radius The Round & fillet radius check box is selected to add rounds and fillets to the vent.

Vent with fillets and rounds

Chapter 8 • Select Boundary Step In this step, you can select a chain of entities that will be the boundary of the vent.

• Select Ribs Step In this step, you can select the entities that you want to use as ribs in the vent.

• Select Spars Step In this step, you can select the entities that you want to use as spars in the vent.

• Extent Step This step is used to specify the side and the extent of the vent.

Chapter 8 ¾

CREATING MOUNTING BOSS The Mounting Boss tool enables you to create mounting boss features, which are used in the plastic components to accommodate fasteners.

Model with four mounting bosses

The Mounting Boss Options dialog box

Chapter 8 • Mounting Boss Options Dialog Box Options The options available in this dialog box are discussed next.

• Saved settings This drop-down list displays the list of settings that you have saved.

• Settings Area The options available in this area are used to set the parameters of the mounting boss feature. • Boss diameter This edit box is used to specify the diameter of the mounting boss. • Mounting hole This check box is selected to create a hole on the top face of the mounting boss. • Stiffening ribs This check box is used to create a mounting box with ribs.

Chapter 8 • Offset This edit box is used to specify the distance between the start of the rib and the top face of the mounting boss. • Grade This edit box is used to specify the angle of the top face of the ribs with respect to the top face of the mounting boss. • Extent This edit box is used to specify the extrusion depth of the top face of ribs from the cylindrical surface of the mounting boss. • Taper This edit box is used to specify the taper angle of the rib. Note that you can enter only a positive taper angle value for the rib. • Thickness This edit box is used to specify the thickness of the rib.

Chapter 8 • Add draft This check box is selected to add a draft to the mounting boss.

Mounting bosses without draft

Mounting bosses with draft

• All rounds and fillets This check box is selected to add rounds and fillets to the mounting boss.

Chapter 8 • Plane Step This step enables you to select a plane for placing the profiles of the mounting bosses.

• Mounting Boss Step In this step, you can place the profiles of the mounting boss on the selected plane.

Profiles for four mounting bosses

• Extent Step In this step, can specify the side for creating the mounting boss.

Chapter 8 ¾

REORDERING FEATURES By Reordering, you change the sequence in which the features were created in the model.

Original model required

Thin wall created around cavities

Reordering features in the Edge Bar

Chapter 8 ‰

TUTORIAL 1 In this tutorial, you will create the model of the cover shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in Figure B. The outer fillet in Figure B is removed for dimensioning purpose. The radius of this fillet is 8. A draft of 1-degree needs to be added to the base feature of the model. The parameters of mounting bosses are give next. Boss diameter = 4, hole diameter = 2, hole depth = 5, rib offset = 3, rib grade = 10degree, rib extent = 1, rib taper = 10-degree, rib thickness = 1. Save the model with the name given below.

Figure A Model for Tutorial 1

(Expected time: 45min)

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Tutorial 1. Fillets removed for clarity

Chapter 8 1.

Start Solid Edge in the Part environment. Create the base feature on the front plane, refer to Figure C.

Figure C Base feature of the model

2.

Add a draft to the base feature.

3.

Add rounds to the sharp edges of the model, refer to Figure D.

Figure D Viewing the model from the bottom after adding the draft and round

Chapter 8 4.

Add a thin wall feature to the model, refer to Figure E.

Figure E Model after creating the thin wall feature

5.

Create two cutouts in the model, refer to Figure F.

Figure F Model after creating the cutouts

Chapter 8 6.

Create a web network in the model, refer to Figure G and H.

Figure G Profile for the web network

7.

Add mounting bosses to the model, refer to Figure J.

Figure I Partial view of the model with the profiles for mounting bosses 8.

Figure H Model after creating the web network

Save the model and close the file.

Figure J Final model after creating the mounting bosses

Chapter 8 ‰

TUTORIAL 2 In this tutorial, you will create the model of the ice tray shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the drawing views shown in Figure B. Save the model with the name given below. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 2

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Tutorial 2

Chapter 8 1.

Start a new part file and create the base feature on the top plane, refer to Figure C.

Figure C Base feature of the model

2

Add a draft to the base feature, refer to Figure D.

Figure D Model after adding the draft

Chapter 8 3.

Add a thin wall feature to the model, refer to Figure E

Figure E Model after adding the thin wall feature

4.

Create a web network in the model, refer to Figure F and G.

Figure F Model after drawing sketch for the web network

Figure G Model after creating the web network

Chapter 8 5.

Add rounds to the sharp edges of the model, refer to Figure H.

Figure H Model after adding rounds

6.

Add another thin wall feature, refer to Figure I .

Figure I Final Model after adding the thin wall feature

7.

Save the model and close the file.

Chapter 8 ‰

TUTORIAL 3 In this tutorial, you will create the model shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in the drawing views shown in Figure B. Save the model. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Tutorial 3

Figure B Dimensions of the model for Tutorial 3

Chapter 8 1.

Start a new part file and create the base feature on the top plane, refer to Figure C.

Figure C Base feature of the model 2.

Add the remaining protrusion features to the base feature, refer to Figure D.

Figure D After adding the remaining protrusion features

Chapter 8 3.

Add holes to the model, refer to Figures E and F.

Figure F.

Figure E 4.

Create the rib feature, refer to Figures G , through I.

Figure G Profile for the rib feature

Figure H Specifying direction of the rib

Chapter 8

Figure I Model after creating the rib feature

5

Save the model and close the file.

Chapter 8 ‰ Exercise 1 Create the model shown in Figures A. Its dimensions are given in the views shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 1

Figure B Dimensions of the model

Chapter 8 ‰ Exercise 2 Create the model shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are given in Figure B. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 2

Figure B Dimensions of the model

Chapter 9 ¾ Learning Objectives • Create swept protrusion. • Create swept cutout. • Create lofted protrusion. • Create lofted cutout. • Create helical protrusion. • Create normal protrusion. • Create normal cutout.

Chapter 9 ¾ ADVANCED MODELING TOOLS Advanced Tools to Create Protrusion In this chapter you will learn some advanced tools that apart from adding material, also have the capability of creating base features.

¾ CREATING SWEPT PROTRUSIONS The Swept Protrusion tool sweeps a section along an open or a closed path.

The Sweep Options dialog box

Chapter 9 • Single path and cross section Option This option is used to sweep a section along an open or a closed path.

Reference plane created at the point of selection on the path

Path and the section used to create the swept protrusion

Closed path and closed section used to create the swept protrusion

• Path Step This step enables you to define a path along which the section will be swept.

Chapter 9 • Cross Section Step Click to specify the location of the reference plane where the cross-section needs to be drawn.

• Relative Orientation It enables you to specify that the cross-section will remain oriented relative to the path used for creating a sweep.

• Fixed Orientation This button is used when you want the cross-section to be always parallel to the sketch plane while sweeping.

Swept protrusion created using the Relative Orientation button

Swept protrusion created using the Fixed Orientation button

Chapter 9 • Multiple paths and cross sections Option The Multiple paths and cross sections option present in the Sweep Options dialog box uses multiple cross-sections and multiple paths to create the swept protrusion.

Three paths and a cross-section

Swept protrusion

Two cross-sections and a path to create multiple section swept protrusion

Swept protrusion

Chapter 9 ¾ CREATING SWEPT CUTOUTS The procedure used to create the swept cutout is the same as that was used to create a swept protrusion.

Swept cutout created using the cross-section and the path

Chapter 9 ¾

CREATING LOFTED PROTRUSIONS Lofted features are created by blending more than one similar or dissimilar cross-sections together.

Three cross-sections to create a lofted protrusion

Resulting lofted protrusion

Chapter 9 • Cross Section Order Option The Cross Section Order button is used to reorder the sequence of sections that blend with each other.

The Cross Section Order dialog box

Chapter 9 • Define Start Point The Define Start Point button is used to redefine the start points of the sections that take part in blending,

Three sections and their start points joined by a dotted line

Lofted protrusion

Chapter 9 • Vertex Mapping Option This button is used when you want to control the blending of the sections using the vertices in the sections.

The Vertex Mapping dialog box

Sections selected to create a loft

Resulting loft

Chapter 9

Points added on the circle

Points numbered on two sections

Lofted protrusion created between a circle and a pentagon

Loft created

Chapter 9 • Finite Extent Option The Finite Extent button is selected by default, enables you to blend the first section with the last section.

• Closed Extent Option The Closed Extent button blends the last section with the first section and closes the loft protrusion.

Sections with their start points

Loft created using the Closed Extent button

Chapter 9 • End 1 and End 2 These drop-down lists are available under the Extent Step and provide the Natural and Normal to section options.

Sections, selection points, and sequence of selection

Difference between the two end conditions

Loft feature created with the Natural option

Loft feature created with the Normal to section option

Chapter 9 • Adding Guide Curves to a Loft The Guide Curve Step button on the ribbon bar is used to select or sketch the guide curve.

Sections and guide curve

Lofted protrusion created using the guide curve

¾ CREATING LOFTED CUTOUTS This tool is used to remove material and works in the same way as the Lofted Protrusion tool.

Chapter 9

Lofted curve

¾ CREATING HELICAL PROTRUSIONS To create a helical protrusion, choose the Helical Protrusion button from the flyout which will be displayed when you press and hold the Revolved Protrusion button.

Chapter 9 • Helix Options

The Helix Options dialog box The Parallel option enables you to create a helical protrusion in which the cross-section remains parallel to the axis, while revolving around it.

Cross-section and axis

Helical protrusion

Chapter 9 The Perpendicular option enables you to draw the cross-section of the helical protrusion perpendicular to the axis of revolution.

Cross-section and axis

Helical protrusion

• Axis and Cross Section Step On invoking the Helical Protrusion tool you will be prompted to select a planar face or a reference, this is the plane on which you will draw the axis and the cross-section, in case of the Parallel option.

Chapter 9 If the Perpendicular option is selected from the Helix Options dialog box, then the Axis Plane or Sketch Step button will be chosen and you will be prompted to select a planar face or a reference plane. This is the plane on which you will draw the axis. • Start End Button This button is used to specify the start end of the helix axis.

Spring created when the start end is selected to be at the bottom

Spring created when the start end is selected to be at the top

Chapter 9 • Parameters Button Parameter Button is used to enter the helix parameters. • Axis length & Pitch

This option allows you to specify the pitch of the helix and it assumes the length of the axis as the height of the helical protrusion.



Axis length & Turns

This option enables you to specify the number of turns in the helix and assumes the length of the axis as the height of the helical protrusion.

The Helix Parameters dialog box

• Pitch & Turns

This option enables you to specify the pitch of the helix and the number of turns.

Chapter 9 •

Helix method

In this drop-down list, the three above-mentioned methods of creating a helical protrusion are available.

• # Turns The number of turns of the helical protrusion can be specified in this edit box.



Pitch

The pitch of the helix can be specified in this edit box.



Right-handed

The right-handed helical protrusion creates the spring whose direction matches the direction of the curled fingers of the right hand, when the thumb of the right hand points from the start point to the end point of the axis. Right-handed spring

Chapter 9 •

Left-handed

The left-handed helical protrusion creates the spring whose direction matches the direction of the curled fingers of the left hand, when the thumb of the right hand points from the start point to the end point of the axis. • Taper Area The options in this area of the dialog box are used to specify the parameters related to the taper of the helix.



Left-handed spring

Drop-down List

The drop-down list is used to specify the taper methods.

Tapered specified by the start and end radii

Chapter 9

Inward tapered spring

Outward tapered spring

• Pitch Area The options in this area of the dialog box are used to specify the parameters related to the pitch of the helix.



Drop-down List

The drop-down list is used to specify the pitch methods.

Tapered specified by the start and end pitch values

Chapter 9 ¾ CREATING NORMAL PROTRUSIONS This tool is used to create a normal protrusion by selecting a closed curve.

Material added to the curves

Material added outside the curves

¾ CREATING NORMAL CUTOUTS This tool is used to remove material.

Chapter 9 ‰

TUTORIAL 1 In this tutorial, you will create the model shown in Figure A. This model is the Upper Housing of a motor blower assembly. Figure B shows the left-side view of the top view, top view, front view, and the sectioned left-side view of the model. All dimensions are in inches. (Expected time: 45 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the Upper Housing

Figure B Views and dimensions of the Upper housing

Chapter 9 1.

Create the base feature on the front plane.This feature is extruded symmetrically on both sides of the front plane, refer to Figures C and D.

Figure C Sketch of the base feature 2.

Figure D Base feature

On the front plane create a swept protrusion feature, refer to Figures E through O.

Figure E Sketch of the path

Figure F Profile plane at the end of the path

Chapter 9

Figure G The first cross-section of the swept protrusion

Figure I Location for the profile plane

Figure H Arrow showing the start point on the cross-section

Figure J The second cross-section of the swept protrusion

Chapter 9

Figure K Arrow showing the start point on the second cross-section

Figure L Location for the last profile plane

Figure M The third cross-section of the swept protrusion

Figure N Arrow showing the start point on the third cross-section

Chapter 9

Figure O Swept protrusion feature

3.

Create rounds of radii 1.5 and 0.5 on the swept protrusion feature, refer to Figure P through S.

Figure P Edges to round

Figure Q Isometric view of the model after creating the round of radius 1.5

Chapter 9

Figure R Edge to round 4.

Figure S Edge after creating the round

Create a thin wall feature on the model, refer to Figure T.

Figure T Thin wall feature created

Chapter 9 5.

Create cutout features, refer to Figure U through Figure X.

Figure U Sketch of the cutout feature

Figure V Model after creating the cutout feature

Figure W Sketch of the cut feature

Figure X Model after creating the cutout feature

Chapter 9 6.

Create a Protrusion feature on the base feature, refer to Figures Y and Z.

Figure Y Sketch of the protrusion feature 7.

Figure Z Model after creating the protrusion feature

Mirror the previous protrusion feature to the left side of the model, refer to Figure AA.

Figure AA Model after mirroring the protrusion

Chapter 9 8.

Create a hole feature on the previous feature, refer to Figure AB.

Figure AB Hole on the protrusion feature

9.

Create a pattern of the hole feature, refer to Figure AC.

Figure AC Complete model

10.

Save the model

Chapter 9 ‰

TUTORIAL 2 In this tutorial, you will create the model shown in Figure A. Figure B shows the section views of the loft feature. Use these sections to create the loft feature. After creating the model, save it. (Expected time: 45 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the model for Tutorial 2

Figure B Front and the section views of the model

Chapter 9 1.

Create a base feature on the right plane, refer to Figure C .

Figure C Base feature

2.

Create a helical cutout on the base feature, refer to Figures D through F.

Figure D Sketch and the center line

Figure E Sketch of the section with dimensions

Figure F Helical cutout

Chapter 9 3.

Create a protrusion feature on the end face of the base feature, refer to Figure G.

Figure G Third feature

4.

Create the cutout to create a slot on the cylindrical feature and then create a pattern of the slot, see Figures H through J.

Figure H Sketch of the section with dimensions

Figure I Cutout

Figure J Model after creating the pattern

Chapter 9 5.

Create a revolved protrusion, refer to Figures K and L.

Figure K Sketch to revolve 6.

Figure L Model after creating the revolved protrusion

Create a revolved protrusion feature on the end face of the previous feature, refer to Figures M and N.

Figure M Sketch to revolve

Figure N Model after creating the revolved protrusion

Chapter 9 7.

Create the next feature, which is also a protrusion feature, refer to Figure O.

Figure O Protrusion feature with dimensions

8.

The last feature of the model is the loft protrusion. Three sections will be used to create this feature, refer to Figures P through Z.

Figure P Sketch with dimensions

Figure Q Creating copies of the sketch

Chapter 9

Figure R Final sketch of first section

Figure T Sketch after scaling

Figure S Start point on the section

Figure U Sketch after revolving

Chapter 9

Figure V Start point on the section

Figure X Sketch after rotating

Figure W Sketch after scaling

Figure Y Start point on the section

Chapter 9

Figure Z Model after creating all features 9.

Save the model and then close the file.

Chapter 9 ‰

TUTORIAL 3 In this tutorial, you will create the model shown in Figure A . Figure B shows the drawing views of the model. Use these dimensions to create it. After creating the model, save it with the name given below. (Expected time: 45 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the carburetor cover

Figure B Views and dimensions of the Carburetor Cover

Chapter 9 1.

Create the base feature on the top plane, refer to Figure C.

Figure C Rectangular block

2.

Create a swept cutout on the base feature, refer to Figures D through G.

Figure D Sketch of the path

Figure E Profile plane for cross-section

Chapter 9

Figure F Sketch with constraints and dimensions 3.

Figure G Swept cutout

Create a lofted cutout on the bottom face of the base feature, refer to Figures H through J.

Figure H Sketch with constraints and dimensions of the first cross-section

Figure I Sketch with constraints and dimensions of the second cross-section

Chapter 9

Figure J Lofted cutout 4.

Create a mirror copy of the lofted cutout, refer to Figure K .

Figure K Profile plane for the cross-section

Chapter 9 5.

Create a round, refer to Figures L and M.

Figure L Edges selected for creating the round 6.

Figure M Model after creating the round

Create a thin wall feature, refer to Figure N .

Figure N Thin wall feature

Chapter 9 7.

Create the next feature, which is a mounting boss created on the bottom face of the base feature, refer to Figures O and P. Similarly, the other mounting boss is created on the bottom face of the base feature, refer to Figures Q and R .

Figure P Mounting boss

Figure O Profile with dimensions

Figure R Second mounting boss

Figure Q Sketch with dimensions

Chapter 9 8.

Create a round on the two mounting bosses, refer to Figure S and Figure T .

Figure S Round on the first mounting boss

9.

Figure T Round on the second mounting boss

Select the first mounting boss created on the bottom face and the round feature created on it and create their mirror copy, refer to Figure U.

Figure U Mirrored mounting boss feature

Chapter 9 10. Save the model and then close the file.

Figure V Completed model

Chapter 9 ‰ Exercise 1 Create the model shown in Figure A . The dimensions of the model is shown in Figure B .Save the model after creating the model. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 1

Figure B Drawing views of the model

Chapter 9 ‰ Exercise 2 Create the model shown in Figure A. Its dimensions are shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name given below. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Model for Exercise 2

Figure B Drawing views of the model

Chapter 10 ¾ Learning Objectives • Understand the Assembly environment. • Set the Assembly environment to work easily. • Learn the types of assembly design approaches. • Create assemblies using the bottom-up approach. • Understand assembly relationships. • Create an assembly using the top-down approach. • Create a pattern of parts in an assembly. • Create a multipart cutout. • Move parts in an assembly.

Chapter 10 ¾ THE ASSEMBLY ENVIRONMENT An assembly design is defined as a design consisting of two or more components assembled together at their respective work positions using assembly relationships.

• Setting up the Assembly Environment Before starting to assemble the parts, you need to configure some settings so that while working on the assembly, its handling become easy.

• Types of Assembly Design Approaches •

Bottom-up Approach of Assembly Design In this approach, all components are created as separate part documents and then placed and referenced in the assembly document.

• Top-down Approach of Assembly Design In the top-down approach of an assembly design, the components are created in the same assembly document.

Chapter 10

The Assembly environment screen

Chapter 10 ¾ CREATING THE BOTTOM-UP ASSEMBLIES •

Assembling the First Component in an Assembly The base component is generally the component that does not have any motion relative to the other components in the assembly

• Assembling the Second Component in an Assembly To fully position the second component in the assembly, the assembly relationships relationships are needed.

Parts Library button in the EdgeBar

Chapter 10 • Assembling Components • Using Assembly Relationships to Assemble the Components There are eleven types of assembly relationships available in the Relationship Types flyout. • Mate • Floating Offset • Fixed Offset

Relationships flyout

The two faces after applying the Mate relationship

Faces selected to apply the Mate relationship

Chapter 10 •

Planar Align

Faces to be selected

• Axial Align

Cylindrical surfaces are selected to align the axes

The two parts after applying the Planar Align relationship with the fixed offset

Bolt assembled with the plate

Chapter 10

The two faces are made parallel by applying the Planar Align relationship with the Floating Offset option •

Insert

• Parallel

Chapter 10

Edges selected for applying the Parallel relationship

Assembly after applying the Parallel relationship

The corner of the block is connected to the center of the hole

• Connect • Angle

Chapter 10

Faces at an angle

After applying the Angle relationship

Various parameters to be specified for applying the Angle relationship

Chapter 10 • Tangent

Tangent relationship

• Cam

Faces to be selected for the Cam relationship

Cam and follower assembly

Chapter 10 • FlashFit • Gear • Match Coordinate Systems

Faces to be selected for the Gear relationship

Chapter 10 • Points to be Remembered While Assembling the Components The first assembly relationship you apply to the two parts in the assembly, restricts certain degrees of freedom of both the components. As you continue to apply additional relationships, the parts become fully constrained or fully positioned and cannot be moved in the assembly. Moving the partially constrained parts in the assembly is discussed later in this chapter.

Symbols in the EdgeBar

Chapter 10 It is recommended for beginners that the assembly window should not be maximized. The Use Reduced Steps when placing parts check box is used to reduce the number of steps to assemble a part with the assembly.

The Options dialog box When you double-click on a placement part to bring it to the assembly for assembling, it appears in a subwindow.

Chapter 10 Choose the Placement Part-Element button from the ribbon bar, if you have selected an incorrect element on the placement or the target part while applying the assembly relationships. If after applying one relationship, you apply the second relationship and press the ESC key, the placement part will be assembled with the target part, but without being fully constrained. To apply relationships to a part that is not fully positioned, select it from the Assembly PathFinder tab in the EdgeBar.

Chapter 10 ¾ CREATING THE TOP-DOWN ASSEMBLY Top-down assemblies are those in which the components are created inside the assembly file.



Creating a Component in the Top-Down Assembly There are three placement options for placing the new component.



Coincident with assembly origin When you select this radio button, the origin of the new part becomes coincident with the assembly origin.



By graphic input This radio button enables you to select a face, an edge, or an origin to place the reference planes of the new part.



Offset from assembly origin This radio button is used to create the reference planes of the part at an offset distance from the assembly origin.

Chapter 10

Assembly created using the top-down approach

Chapter 10 ¾ CREATING PATTERN OF COMPONENTS IN AN ASSEMBLY The reference pattern is used to pattern the instances of the components using an existing pattern feature.

Assembly before creating a pattern

Assembly after creating a pattern

Chapter 10 ¾

CREATING MATERIAL REMOVAL FEATURES IN AN ASSEMBLY • Assembly Features In Solid Edge, assembly features are the features that are created in the Assembly environment.

• Assembly-Driven Part Features In Solid Edge, assembly-driven features are the features that are created in the Assembly environment and are associatively linked with the parts that are affected by this feature.

Dialog box giving you an option

Chapter 10

The Feature Options dialog box

Three parts to be assembled

Parts, after assembling and creating a multipart cutout

Chapter 10 ¾ MOVING INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS Procedure of Moving the Components You can select any of the three axes and drag the component through Move Part button

Moving the component along the selected axis

Chapter 10 If you want to rotate the component, choose the Rotate button from the ribbon bar and select the axis about which the component’s rotatory movement is free.

Rotating the component using the axes The Freeform Move button is used to move the selected component in any direction that is free.

Chapter 10 ‰

TUTORIAL 1 In this tutorial, you will create all components of the Stock Bracket assembly and then assemble them. The Bracket assembly is shown in Figure A. The dimensions of various components are given in Figures B through H. Note that all dimensions are in inches. (Expected time: 2 After completing the tutorial, save the file. hrs)

Figure A Assembly of the Stock Bracket

Figure B Top and front views of the Stock Support Base

Chapter 10

Figure C Top and front views of the Adjusting Screw Nut

Figure D Front and right-side views of the Stock Support Roller

Figure E Front and right-side views of the Support Roller Bracket

Chapter 10

Figure F Views of the Adjusting Nut Handle and Adjusting Screw Guide

Figure G Views of the Support Adjusting Screw

Figure H Top and front views of the Thrust Bearing

Chapter 10 1.

Create all components in individual part files and save them. Note that all dimensions of the parts are in inches. So you need to change the system of units of the new part file you create.

2.

Start a new file in the Assembly environment.

3.

Select the base component, which is the Stock Support Base, and drag it into the assembly window. This component will automatically assemble with the assembly reference planes, using the Ground relationship.

4.

Drag the Thrust Bearing into the assembly window. Apply the required relationships, refer to Figure I.

Figure I After assembling the components

Chapter 10 5.

Next assemble the Adjusting Screw Nut with the Thrust Bearing using the assembly relationships, refer to Figure J.

Figure J The assembly after assembling the three components

6.

Assemble the Support Adjusting Screw with the assembly, refer to Figure K.

Figure K Assembly after assembling the four components

Chapter 10 7.

Assemble the Support Roller Bracket with the assembly, refer to Figure L.

Figure L Assembly after assembling the Support Roller Bracket

8.

Next, assemble the Stock Support Roller with the Support Roller Bracket, refer to Figure M.

Figure M Fully constrained assembly

Chapter 10 9.

Assemble one instance of the Adjusting Nut Handle and pattern it to create the other instances, refer to Figures N and O.

Figure N Assembly after assembling the Nut handle

Figures O Assembly after creating the pattern

Chapter 10 10. Then assemble the Adjusting Screw Guide with the Stock Support Base, refer to Figure P .

Figure P Completed assembly of Stock Bracket 11. Save the assembly file.

Chapter 10 ‰

TUTORIAL 2 In this tutorial, you will create all components of the Pipe Vice and then assemble them. The Pipe Vice assembly is shown in Figure A. The dimensions of components are given in Figures B and C. After completing the tutorial, save the file. (Expected time: 2 hrs)

Figure A Pipe Vice assembly

Figure B Views and dimensions of the Base

Chapter 10

Figure C Views and dimensions of the Screw, Handle, Moveable Jaw, and Handle Screw 1.

Create all components in individual part files and save them.

2.

Start a new file in the Assembly environment.

Chapter 10 3.

Drag the Base into the assembly window. This component will be automatically assembled with the reference planes using the Ground relationship.

4.

Drag the Screw into the assembly window and apply the required relationships, refer to Figure D.

Figure D. Two components assembled

Chapter 10 5.

Drag the Moveable Jaw into the assembly window and apply the required relationships, refer to Figure E.

Figure E Two components assembled

6.

Drag the Handle into the assembly window and apply the required relationships, refer to Figures F and G.

Figure F Reference plane to be selected for mating

Figure G Reference plane on the target part

Chapter 10 7.

Drag the Handle Screw into the assembly window and apply the required relationships,refer to Figure H. Similarly, assemble the other instances of the Handle Screw, refer to Figure I.

Figure H Handle Screw assembled at one end of the Handle 8.

Save the assembly file.

Figure I Completed assembly

Chapter 10 ‰ Exercise 1 Create the Plummer Block assembly, as shown in Figure A. The exploded view of the assembly is shown in Figure B and the bill of material is shown in Figure C. The dimensions of the components of the assembly are shown in Figures D through F. After completing the tutorial save the file. (Expected time: 2 hrs)

Figure A Plummer Block assembly

Figure B Exploded view of the assembly with balloons

Chapter 10

Figure C Bill of material

Figure D Views and dimensions of the Casting

Chapter 10

Figure E Views and dimensions of the Brasses, Nut, Lock Nut, and Bolt

Figure F Views and dimensions of the Cap

Chapter 11 Learning Objectives: •

Create subassemblies.



Edit assembly relationships.



Edit assembly components.



Disperse the assembly.



Replace components in an assembly.



Set the visibility options of the assembly.



Check interference in an assembly.



Create the exploded state of the assembly.

Chapter 11 ¾ CREATING SUBASSEMBLIES Sometimes when an assembly has many parts, it becomes easy to design it by segregating it into subassemblies.

A subassembly of articulated rod and piston

A subassembly of master Main assembly after assembling the subassemblies rod and piston

Chapter 11 ¾ EDITING ASSEMBLY RELATIONSHIPS The editing operations that can be performed on the assembly relationships are:

• Modifying the Values • Select the part from the EdgeBar. • Select a mate relationship from the bottom pane. • Enter a new offset value in the Offset Value edit box on the Edit Relationships ribbon bar. • Choose the OK button to incorporate the changes.

• Applying Additional Relationships • Select the partially positioned part from the EdgeBar. • Choose the Edit Definition button from the Assembly Selection ribbon bar. • Choose the assembly relationship from the Relationship Types flyout to apply new relationships to the part.

Chapter 11

Symbols that are displayed in the EdgeBar

Symbols of relationships

• Modifying the Assembly Relationships • Sometimes you may need to modify the existing assembly relationships of parts in an assembly. • For example, you may need to modify a mate relationship to a planar align relationship. • The table above shows Symbols of relationships.

Chapter 11 •

Reversing the Orientation of a Part You can reverse the orientation of a part that has been positioned using an axial align, planar align, mate, parallel, tangent or cam relationship.

¾ EDITING ASSEMBLY COMPONENTS The editing of components includes editing features, editing the sketch profile, and modifying the reference planes or faces.

¾ DISPERSING SUBASSEMBLIES Dispersing the subassembly means that the components of the subassembly become the components of the next higher level assembly or subassembly.

The Disperse Assembly prompt

Chapter 11 ¾ REPLACING COMPONENTS This is used to replace a component of the assembly with some other component.

The Replace Part prompt

¾ SIMPLIFYING ASSEMBLIES USING THE VISIBILITY OPTIONS • By simplifying, you can hide the components at any stage of the design cycle. • The methods of simplifying the assembly are:

Chapter 11 •

Hiding and Displaying the Components



Changing the Transparency Conditions

¾ INTERFERENCE DETECTION IN ASSEMBLIES If there is an interference between the components, they may not assemble properly after they are manufactured.

• Interference Options The Interference Options button is used to set the output options of the interference check results.

• Options Tab The options available under this tab are :

The Interference Options dialog box

Chapter 11 • Check select set 1 against Area The options in this area enable you to determine the method of selection of the components for checking the interference. The options available against selection set 1 are: • Select set 2. • All other parts in the assembly. • Parts currently shown. • Itself.

• Output Options Area The options in this area enables to determine the format in which you need the output from the interference check. These options are : • Report. • Interfering Volumes.

Chapter 11 • Highlight interfering parts. • Dim parts with no interference. • Hide parts not in select sets 1 and 2.

• Report Tab The options under this tab are : • File name • Part names • Part centers of gravity • Interference center of gravity • Interference volumes

• Checking the Interference

The Report tab in the Interference Options dialog box

If there is an interference, then depending on the output options you have set, the interference volume will be displayed.

Chapter 11 ¾ CREATING EXPLODED STATE OF ASSEMBLIES •

Automatic Explode The first option is to automatically create the exploded view.

All Assemblies Selected Not Selected To unexplode the assembly, choose the Unexplode button from the Exploded View toolbar.

Chapter 11

Exploded view of the Plummer Block assembly

Chapter 11 • Manual Explode The automatic explode method does not give the desired results every time, therefore the manual method is used to achieve the desired explode state.

Exploded state

Chapter 11 • Changing the Distance Between the Components • Repositioning the Parts • Removing the Parts • Flowlines The Flowlines indicate the direction of explosion of the component.

Exploded state without Flowlines

Exploded state with Flowlines

Chapter 11 ‰

TUTORIAL 1 In this tutorial, you will create the exploded view of the Plummer Block assembly created in Exercise 1 of Chapter 10. The exploded state of the assembly is shown in Figure A. After creating the exploded state, save the configuration. (Expected Time: 15 min)

Figure A Exploded view of the Plummer Block assembly

Chapter 11 1.

Copy all part and assembly files of the Plummer Block assembly from the c10 folder to c11. The files will be saved in the \Solid Edge\c11\Plummer Block folder.

2.

Open the assembly file of Plummer Block in the Assembly environment.

3.

Create the exploded state of the assembly, refer to Figure B.

Figure B Exploded view of the Plummer Block assembly

4.

Save the exploded state of the assembly in a configuration file.

Chapter 11 ‰

TUTORIAL 2 In this tutorial, you will create the exploded view of the Stock Bracket assembly created in Tutorial 1 of Chapter 10. The exploded state of the assembly is shown in Figure A. After creating the exploded state, save the configuration with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c11\Stock Bracket\Stock Bracket.cfg

Figure A Exploded view of the Stock Bracket assembly

(Expected Time: 30 min)

Chapter 11 1.

Copy files to the current folder.

2.

Create the exploded state Figure B.

3.

Collapse the component Figure C.

Figure B Exploded view of the Stock Bracket assembly

Figure C Exploded view after collapsing the Stock Support Roller

Chapter 11 4.

Explode the Stock Support Roller, Figure C

Arrow showing the direction of explosion 5.

Figure C Selected part exploded in the specified direction

Reduce the Gap Between the Components Figure D

Figure D Assembly after dragging the components

Chapter 11 6.

Move the Components

Moving the component Selected part placed along the vertical axis at the required position

Assembly after moving all instances of the Adjusting Nut Handle

Adjusting Nut Handle after dragging

Chapter 11 7.

Explode the Last Component

Arrow showing the direction of explosion

8.

Saving the Configuration

Selected part exploded in the specified direction

Chapter 11 ‰

TUTORIAL 3 In this tutorial, you will create the assembly shown in Figure A. This assembly will be created in two parts, the subassembly and the main assembly. The exploded state of the assembly is shown in Figure B. The views and dimensions of all components of this assembly are shown in Figures C through F. After creating the assembly, save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c11\Radial Engine\radial engine.asm

Figure A The radial engine assembly

(Expected time: 3 hrs)

Figure B Exploded view of the assembly

Chapter 11

Figure C Views and dimensions of the Piston

Figure D Views and dimensions of the Articulated Rod

Chapter 11

Figure E Views and dimensions of other components

Figure F Views and dimensions of the Master Rod

Chapter 11 1.

Create the Components

2.

Create the Subassembly

Assembly sequence of the Articulated Rod, Piston, Piston Pin Plug, Rod Bush Upper, and Rod Bush Lower

First instance of the Piston Ring assembled with the Piston

Subassembly after assembling and changing the color of Piston Rings

Chapter 11 3.

Create the main assembly

Main assembly 4.

Assemble the Subassembly with the Main Assembly

First instance of the subassembly assembled with the main assembly

Chapter 11 5.

Assemble the Link Pin

Assembly structure

First instance of the Link Pin assembled with the assembly

All instances of the Link Pin assembled with the main assembly

Chapter 11 ‰ Exercise 2 Create the Shaper Tool Head assembly shown in Figure A. After creating the assembly, create its exploded state, as shown in Figure B. The dimensions of the model are given in Figures C to G. After creating the assembly, save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c11\Shaper Tool Head\shaper.asm

Figure A Shaper Tool Holder assembly

(Expected time: 4 hr)

Figure B Exploded state of the assembly

Chapter 11

Figure C Views and dimensions of the Back Plate

Figure D Views and dimensions of the Vertical Slide

Chapter 11

Figure E Views and dimensions of the Swivel Plate

Figure F Views and dimensions of various components

Chapter 11

Figure G Views and dimensions of various components

Chapter 12 Learning Objectives: • Understand the Draft environment. • Learn the types of views that can be generated in Solid Edge. • Generate drawing views. • Manipulate drawing views. • Add annotations to drawing views. • Generate exploded views of assemblies. • Create associative balloons and parts list.

Chapter 12 ¾

THE DRAFT ENVIRONMENT Solid Edge has a separate environment called the Draft environment,which is used for generating drawing views.

Selecting a draft template from the New dialog box

The default screen display in the Draft environment

Chapter 12 ¾ TYPES OF VIEWS THAT CAN BE GENERATED IN SOLIDEDGE In Solid Edge, there are two types of drafting techniques: generative drafting and interactive drafting. In the generative drafting, the views are generated from the part or assembly that is already created. In the interactive drafting, the views are sketched using the sketching tools.

• Base View

• Section View

• Principal View

• Detail View

• Auxiliary View

• Broken-Out View

Chapter 12 ¾ GENERATING DRAWING VIEWS • Generating the Base View From the Select Model dialog box, select the model whose drawing views you need to generate and choose the Open button; the Drawing View Creation Wizard dialog box will be displayed, as shown in the figure.

Part/Sheet Metal Drawing View Options page of the Drawing View Creation Wizard dialog box

Chapter 12 • Part/Sheet Metal Drawing View Options Page The options in this page enable you to specify the parameters related to the display of the drawing view. • Designed Part This radio button is selected by default and is used to specify that you need to generate the drawing views of an existing part. • Simplified Part This radio button is used to generate the drawing views of the simplified version of a model. • Flat Pattern This radio button is used to generate the drawing views of a flat pattern of the sheet metal part.

Chapter 12 • Show hidden edges in Orthographic views This check box is selected by default and is used to display the hidden edges, if any, in the orthographic drawing views. • Show hidden edges in Pictorial views

Drawing view with hidden edges

Drawing view without hidden edges

• Show tangent edges in Orthographic views This option is used to display the tangent edges, if any in the part, in the orthographic drawing views.

Chapter 12 • Show tangent edges in Pictorial views This option is used to display the tangent edges, if any, in the pictorial drawing views.

• Drawing View Orientation Page When you choose the Next button from the Part/Sheet Metal Drawing View Options page, the Drawing View Orientation area will be displayed, as shown in the figure.

Drawing View Orientation page of the Drawing View Creation Wizard dialog box

Chapter 12 • Named Views This display box consists of options of generating views in the standard orientations. • Custom When you choose the Custom button, the Custom Orientation window will be displayed, as shown in the figure.

The Custom Orientation window

Chapter 12 • Drawing View Layout Page When you choose the Next button from the Drawing View Orientation page, the Drawing View Layout page will be displayed, as shown in the figure.

Drawing View Layout page of the Drawing View Creation Wizard dialog box

Chapter 12 • Generating the Principal View The principal view is generated by selecting an existing view. This view can be a base view or another principal view.

Drawing sheet with the base view and principal views

Chapter 12 • Generating the Auxiliary View The auxiliary view is a drawing view that is generated by projecting the lines normal to a specified edge of an existing view.

Auxiliary view from the principal view

Partial view of the Viewing Plane Properties dialog box

Chapter 12 • Need for Auxiliary View The need for auxiliary view arises when it becomes impossible to dimension a geometry in the orthographic views.

• Generating the Section View The section view is generated by cutting a portion of an existing view using a cutting geometry and then viewing the source view from the direction normal to the cutting geometry. In Solid Edge, various types of section views can be generated using the Section View tool.

• Generating a Simple Section View

Shaded top view and the front section view

Chapter 12 • Points to Remember for Creating the Cutting Planes • The sketch drawn can be a combination of arcs and lines. • The sketch must be open and all entities should be connected to each other. • Relationships and dimensions between the sketch entities and the drawing view can be applied. • The cutting plane can be edited either by double-clicking on it or by choosing the Edit button, which will be displayed in the ribbon bar when you select the cutting plane.

• Revolved Section Views • The revolved section views are needed when some features in a model are at a certain angle. • In a revolved section view, the section portion revolves around an axis normal to the viewing plane such that it is straightened.

Chapter 12

Front view and the right-side revolved section view

Two different revolved section views generated by selecting two different cutting geometries

• Section View that Displays only the Section Geometry

Section view displaying only the section area

Chapter 12 • Generating the Broken-Out Section View

Specifying the profile and the depth of the cut

Isometric broken section view

Chapter 12 • Generating the Detail View

Detail view of an isometric view

User-defined sketch and the resulting detail view

• Generating the Broken View

Different types of broken views

Chapter 12 ¾ WORKING WITH INTERACTIVE DRAFTING • In technical terms, sketching 2D drawing views is known as interactive drafting. • The 2D drawing views can be drawn by choosing the Draft View button from the Drawing Views toolbar, after customizing the toolbar to add this button.

¾ MANIPULATING THE DRAWING VIEWS • Aligning the Drawing Views • When you generate the principal views from the base views, they are aligned automatically. • If you move one of the views, then the other view will also move along with the first view.

Chapter 12 • Modifying the Scale of Drawing Views You can modify the scale of a drawing view by selecting it and choosing the Properties button from the ribbon bar.

• Cropping the Drawing Views • A drawing view is cropped to show a particular portion of the drawing view that already exists on the drawing sheet. • The portion of the view that lies inside the associated box is retained and the remaining portion is removed.

• Moving the Drawing Views To move a drawing view, select it and drag it on the drawing sheet.

• Rotating the Drawing Views The drawing views can be rotated by invoking the Drawing toolbar.

Chapter 12 • Applying the Hatch Pattern To apply the hatch pattern, choose the Fill button from the Drawing toolbar; you will be prompted to select the area.

• Modifying the Properties of Drawing Views • To set the properties, right-click on the drawing view to invoke the shortcut menu. • Choose the Properties option to display the Drawing View Properties dialog box, as shown in the figure.

The View Properties dialog box for a principal view

Chapter 12 ¾ ADDING ANNOTATIONS TO THE DRAWING VIEWS Once you have generated the drawing views, you need to add annotations, such as dimensions, notes, surface finish symbols, geometric tolerances, and so on.

• Generating Annotations Generating annotations is the process of retrieving dimensions, notes, and so on from the parent model.

• Dimension Style Mapping This button is a toggle and is used to specify whether or not the dimension style mapping set using the Dimension Style tab of the Options dialog box will be used. • Linear • Radial • Angular • Annotations

Chapter 12 • Retrieve Duplicate Radial Dimensions This button is used to retrieve duplicate radial dimensions that have the same value. • Hidden Line Dimensions • Add Dimensions • Remove Dimensions

Drawing view with dimensions

Chapter 12 • Displaying Center Marks and Center Lines in a Drawing View Solid Edge allows you to display center marks and center lines in the drawing views.

Center marks on the holes in a drawing view

Center lines on the holes in a drawing view

• Adding Reference Dimensions to the Drawing Views The options of dimensioning a drawing view is available in the Drawing Views toolbar. • Chamfer Dimension This button is available in the Distance Between flyout in the Drawing Views toolbar.

Chapter 12 ¾ ADDING NEW DRAWING SHEETS • In Solid Edge, a drawing file can have multiple drawing sheets. • A multisheet drawing file is generally used when you need to generate drawing views of all parts of an assembly in a single drawing file.

¾ EDITING THE DEFAULT SHEET FORMAT You can edit the default standard sheet format according to your design requirement.

¾ GENERATING EXPLODED VIEWS OF ASSEMBLIES The exploded views are generated by selecting the configuration that was saved at the time of exploding the assembly in the Assembly environment.

Exploded view

Chapter 12 When you choose the Model Display Settings button, the Drawing View Properties dialog box will be displayed, as shown in the figure.

• Drawing View Properties Dialog Box This dialog box contains various options of controlling the display of the assembly drawing view.

• Show Using the Show check box, you can control the display of one or more parts in the assembly.

Drawing View Properties dialog box

• Display as Reference This check box, when selected, enables you to display the selected part as reference.

• Visible edge style This drop-down list enables you to select the edge style of the parts in the assembly drawing view.

Chapter 12 ¾ CREATING ASSOCIATIVE BALLOONS AND PARTS LIST Generally, the drawing view of an assembly also contains the list of parts, the material of each part, the quantity, and other related information in the form of a table, which is called the bill of material (BOM). In Solid Edge, it is called the parts list.

Exploded view of the assembly with BOM and balloons

Chapter 12 • List Properties Dialog Box While generating the parts list on the drawing sheet and before selecting the Finish button, when you choose the Properties button from the ribbon bar, the List Properties dialog box will be displayed, as shown in the figure.

List Properties dialog box

Chapter 12 • General Tab • Save settings This drop-down list contains the styles that are saved for the parts list. • Text Area This area provides the options that are used to set the properties of the text. • Sheet This drop-down list is used to specify the sheet on which you want to place the parts list. • Mark un-ballooned items This check box is selected by default. This indicates that if a balloon is not attached to any part of the assembly, then that part in the parts list will be marked by an asterisk.

Chapter 12 • Size/Placement Tab • Title block Using this drop-down list, you can specify the location of the title block in the parts list. • Maximum height of list You can specify the maximum height of the parts list using this edit box. • Section gap This edit box is used to specify the gap between the different sections of the parts list. • Grid color This drop-down list is used to specify the color of the lines that make up the parts list. • Grid line width This edit box is used to specify the width of the lines in the parts list.

Chapter 12 • Text margin The value in this edit box specifies the gap between the lines and the text in the parts list. • Location Area The options in this area are used to specify the location of the parts list on the drawing sheet.

• Columns Tab • Available columns This display box lists all the column headings that you can display in the parts list. • Columns used This display box lists all the columns that will appear in the parts list. • Column Format Area The options in this area are used to specify a different title for the column heading selected from the Columns used display box.

Chapter 12 • Component Types Tab The options under this tab are used to specify the type of components to be included in the parts list. • Sorting Tab The options under this tab are used to specify the criteria to sort the parts in the parts list.

• List Control Tab The options under this tab are used to specify the display of parts in the parts list. • Top-level list (top-level and expanded components)

• Include only ballooned parts

• Atomic List (all parts)

• Exclude hidden parts

• Selected item Area

• Exclude reference parts

• Sub-assemblies Area

Chapter 12 • Balloon Tab The options under this tab enable you to set the display properties of the balloons that appear on the assembly drawing view.

• Steps to Generate Parts List and Balloons • Choose the Parts List button from the Drawing Views toolbar; you are prompted to select the drawing view. • Select the drawing view that exists on the drawing sheet. • Choose the Properties button from the ribbon bar to display the List Properties dialog box. • Choose the Columns tab. • In the Columns used display box, select Document Number and choose the Remove button. • Choose the List Control tab. • From the Global area, select the Atomic List (all parts) radio button and choose the OK button to exit the dialog box.

Chapter 12 • Choose the Auto-Balloon button from the ribbon bar, if not already chosen. • Choose the Finish button from the ribbon bar to display the BOM and balloons. You will notice that the balloons are displayed showing both the item number and the quantity. • To remove the quantity from a balloon, select all the balloons by pressing the CTRL key; the ribbon bar is displayed. • Choose the Item Count button from the ribbon bar to clear it. Now, the balloon shows only the item number.

Exploded view of the assembly with BOM and balloons

Chapter 12 ‰ Tutorial 1 In this tutorial, you will generate the top view, front view, and the right-side view of the part that was created in Exercise 1 of Chapter 8 and is shown in Figure A. Use the standard A4 Landscape sheet format for generating the drawing views. You will also insert your company logo in the sheet. (Expected time: 1 hr)

Figure A Top, front, right-side, and isometric views of the model

Chapter 12 1.

Start a new draft file.

2.

Set up the drawing sheet and the background sheet, as shown in Figure B and Figure C.

Figure B Selecting the table 3.

Set the projection angle method.

Figure C Title block with the image

Chapter 12 4.

Generate the drawing views, as shown in Figure D and Figure E.

Figure D Drawing View Layout area of the Drawing View Creation Wizard

5.

Figure E Sheet after generating all the drawing views

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c12\c12tut2.par and then close it.

Chapter 12 ‰ Tutorial 2 In this tutorial, you will generate the front view, left-side view, and the auxiliary view of the part that was created in Exercise 1 of Chapter 8. You will also generate the dimensions, as shown in Figure A. Use the template that was created in Tutorial 1. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Left-side view, auxiliary view, and the front view of the model

Chapter 12 1.

Start a new draft file.

2.

Generate the drawing views, as shown in Figure B, Figure C, Figure D and Figure E.

Figure B Drawing views after reducing the scale

Figure C Edge to be selected

Chapter 12

Figure D Moving the cursor to place the view 3.

Generate the dimensions.

Figure E Drawing sheet after generating the auxiliary view

Chapter 12 4.

Create the remaining dimensions that are not generated, as shown in Figure F, Figure G, Figure H and Figure I.

Figure F Front view after placing the angular dimension

Figure G Axis drawn to dimension

Chapter 12

Figure H Dimensioning the auxiliary view

5.

Figure I Drawing sheet after dimensioning the views

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c12\c12tut2.par and then close it.

Chapter 12 ‰ Tutorial 3 In this tutorial, you will generate an exploded drawing view of the assembly created in Chapter 10. You will also add the parts list and balloons to the assembly, as shown in Figure A. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Parts list and balloons in exploded drawing view

Chapter 12 1.

Start a new draft file.

2.

Generate the exploded drawing view.

3.

Generate parts list and balloons.

4.

Edit balloons, as shown in Figure B.

Figure B Exploded drawing view with the parts list and balloons 5.

Save the file in \My Documents\Solid Edge\c12\c12tut3.par and then close it.

Chapter 12 ‰ Exercise 1 Create the exploded view of the assembly that was created in Chapter 10, see Figure A. Generate the BOM and balloons. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Exploded drawing view with the BOM and balloons

Chapter 12 ‰ Exercise 2 Create the model whose drawing views are shown in Figure A and then generate the drawing views of the model. Dimension the drawing views, as shown in Figure A. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Top, front, right-side, and isometric views of the model

Chapter 13 Learning Objectives: • Create extruded, revolved, and swept surfaces. • Create surfaces using the BlueSurf tool. • Create a bounded surface. • Stitch surfaces. • Use the Offset Surface and Copy Surface tools. • Use the BlueDot tool to join curves. • Create a curve at the intersection of two surfaces. • Trim surfaces. • Extend a surface. • Replace faces of a part

Chapter 13 • Create curves in 3D by selecting keypoints. • Create curves using a table. • Project curves on surfaces. • Create a curve at the intersection of two curves. • Draw a curve on a surface. • Derive and split curves. • Split a body. • Add thickness to a surface. • Create rounds using the Blend and Surface Blend options. • Add a draft angle from the construction surface of parting line. • Create a parting line and parting surface.

Chapter 13 ¾ SURFACE MODELING Surface modeling is a technique of creating planar or no planar geometry of zero thickness.

¾ CREATING SURFACES IN SOLID EDGE • Creating an Extruded Surface

Extruded surface with open ends

Extruded surface with closed ends

Chapter 13 • Creating a Revolved Surface

Revolved surface with open ends

Revolved surface with closed ends

• Creating a Swept Surface When you choose the Swept Surface button, the Sweep Options dialog box will be displayed, as shown in Figure A.

The Sweep Options dialog box

Chapter 13 • Single path and cross section Option This method uses a single path along which the section is swept.

Sweep surface

Edge and the cross-section used to create the sweep

Sweep feature created on the top edge of the base

• Multiple paths and cross sections Option Through this method, you can use multiple paths and cross-sections to create the sweep feature.

Chapter 13

Paths and the cross section

Resulting sweep feature

¾ CREATING SURFACES USING THE BLUESURF TOOL The BlueSurf tool is a multipurpose tool of creating surfaces, such as complex loft surfaces with guide curves, surface patch, and so on.

Chapter 13 • Creating Surfaces by Joining Two Curves

Two curves

Two curves that are used as cross section and guide curve

Resulting surface

Resulting surface

Chapter 13

Single path and two cross sections

Resulting surface

• Controlling the Shape of the Surface by Inserting a Sketch You can control the shape of the surface that is created using the BlueSurf tool and that connects multiple cross-sections.

Two cross-sections

Curve created by a plane

Modified surface

Chapter 13 • Closing the Ends The BlueSurf tool is also used to close the ends of a surface.

Edges of the surface

Surface created by joining the edges

• Controlling the Connection Between the Two Surfaces The BlueSurf tool is used to connect or join two sets of edges formed either by solid or surface features.

Chapter 13

Blue Surface

Surface after manipulation

There are several end conditions that are provided in the BlueSurf Options dialog box, which is invoked by choosing the BlueSurf Options button from the ribbon bar.

The Standard tab of the BlueSurf Options dialog box

Chapter 13 • Tangency Control area This area consists of options that are used to specify the boundary conditions for the two end sections.

• Start section The options in this drop-down list are : • Natural. • Parallel to section. • Normal to section. • Tangent continuous. • Tangent Interior.

• End section The options in this list are used to determine the end conditions of the surface with respect to the adjacent surface.

Chapter 13 • Edge guide 1 The options in this drop-down list are available only when a guide curve is used to create the surface. • Edge guide 2 The options in this drop-down list are available only when a guide curve is used to create the surface.

• End Capping Area The options in this area are available only when the sections are closed.

• Extent Type Area This area is available when there are at least three cross-sections.

• Curve Connectivity The options in this area are used to specify the type of connection between the guide curve and the cross-section.The options available are:

• Use Pierce Points • Use BlueDots

Chapter 13 ¾

CREATING SURFACES USING THE BOUNDED SURFACE TOOL This tool is used to create a surface using one or more edges forming a closed loop.

Closed curve

Surface created using the curves

Edge selected as a closed loop

Chapter 13

Bounded surface created using the Face Tangency option

Bounded surface created by turning off the Face Tangency option

¾ STITCHING MULTIPLE SURFACES TO CREATE A SINGLE SURFACE The Stitched Surface tool is used to join multiple individual surfaces to create a single surface.

The Stitched Surface Options dialog box

Chapter 13 ¾ CREATING OFFSET SURFACES The Offset Surface tool allows you to offset the selected surface by a specified distance.

Offset surface

¾ COPYING A SURFACE The Copy Surface tool is used to copy a face of a solid or surface feature.

Ribbon bar for the Copy Surface tool

Chapter 13 • Remove Internal Boundaries This button allows you to remove internal boundaries from the surface and create a surface by ignoring them.

• Remove External Boundaries This button allows you to remove external boundaries from the surface and create a surface by ignoring them.

Irregular boundary surface

Surface created after joining the two curves

Chapter 13 ¾ CREATING A BLUEDOT The BlueDot tool is provided by Solid Edge to help you connect two curves.

Table specifying the keypoints of the entities that can be used to create the BlueDot

BlueDot on splines

Surface created after joining the two curves using the BlueDot

Chapter 13 ¾ CREATING A CURVE AT THE INTERSECTION OF TWO SURFACES The Intersection Curve tool is used to create a curve at the intersection of two surfaces.

¾ TRIMMING SURFACES The Trim Surface tool is used to trim surfaces using surfaces, sketches, or reference planes.

Two surfaces and the intersection curve

Surface and the curve

Trimmed surface

Chapter 13 ¾ EXTENDING SURFACES The Extend Surface tool is used to extend the selected surface.

• Natural Extent

Surface to extend

Naturally extended surface

Chapter 13 • Linear Extent This button is available on the ribbon bar only when the surface selected to extend is created using a spline.

Surface to extend

Surface after extending

Chapter 13 • Reflective Extent

Edge of the surface used to extend

Extended surface

¾ REPLACING FACES OF A PART WITH A SURFACE In Solid Edge, you can replace one or more faces of the solid model with a surface.

Chapter 13

Faces to replace

Model after replacing the faces

¾ CREATING CURVES IN 3D BY SELECTING KEYPOINTS The Keypoint Curve tool is used to create 3D curves by joining keypoints on an existing geometry.

Keypoints selected to create a curve

Swept surface created

Chapter 13 • Select Points Step This button is chosen by default when you invoke the Keypoint Curve tool.

• Keypoints • Relative/Absolute Position • Redefine Point • End Conditions Step This button is chosen after you accept the selection of points to create a curve.

• Open • Closed

Chapter 13 • Start and End drop-down lists These drop-down lists contain the options to set the end conditions of the curve.

¾

CREATING CURVES BY TABLE When you choose the Curve by Table button from the Surfacing toolbar, the Insert Object dialog box will be displayed.

The Insert Object dialog box

Chapter 13 ¾ PROJECTING CURVES ON SURFACES The Project Curve tool is used to project curves on planar or nonplanar surfaces.

• Along Vector This option projects the curve in the direction of a vector that defines the normal of the plane on which the curve is sketched.

Top view of projected curve

Projecting a curve

Chapter 13 • Normal to Selected Surface Option This option projects the curve normal to the receiving surface.

Top view of the projected curve

Projecting a curve

¾ CREATING A CURVE AT THE INTERSECTION OF TWO CURVES The Cross Curve tool is used to create a 3D curve at the intersection of two 2D curves.

Chapter 13

Curve projected at the intersection of two curves

¾ DRAWING A CURVE ON A SURFACE The Contour Curve tool is used to draw a curve on the selected face.

Curve created on the surface

Surface trimmed using the curve

Chapter 13 ¾ DERIVING CURVES The Derived Curve tool is used to derive a curve from the existing edge of a surface, of a solid, or from an existing sketch.

Edges selected to derive curve

Sweep created using the derived curve

¾ SPLITTING A CURVE The Split Curve tool is used to split a curve using an intersecting entity, such as a reference plane, a Keypoint, a curve, and so on.

Chapter 13 ¾ SPLITTING A BODY To split a body, choose the Divide Part button from the Surfacing toolbar; you will be prompted to select a surface or a plane to divide the part. After you select a surface or a plane, a red arrow will be displayed and you will be prompted to click on the side to be divided into the new file. After you select the direction, choose the Finish button to display the Divide Part dialog box, as shown in Figure A. Figure A The Divide Part dialog box

Punch and die obtained after splitting the body Solid body and the surface

Chapter 13 ¾ ADDING THICKNESS TO A SURFACE After a surface is created, thickness can be added to it to make it a solid body.

A stitched surface and the side to add thickness

Surface after adding thickness

¾ CREATING ROUNDS USING BLENDING The difference between creating rounds using rounding and blending is that in rounding you select an edge to create round and in blending you need to select two faces.

Chapter 13 • Creating Rounds on Solids Using the Blend Option You can use the Blend option to create rounds on solid faces only.

• Roll Along/Across The Roll Along/Across button creates a rounded blend on any edge it encounters.

Edge to be selected

Blend round rolled across edges

• Tangent Hold Line This option allows you to select edges that will act as hold line to control blending.

Chapter 13 • Default Radius This option allows you to create a blending between the tangent hold lines by maintaining the radius value.

Edge to be selected

Blend round between tangent hold lines and with default radius

• Full Radius This option of creating a round creates full blending between the tangent hold lines.

Chapter 13

Edge to be selected

Blend round between tangent hold lines and with full radius

• Creating Rounds Using the Surface Blend Option You can use the Surface Blend option to create rounds on surfaces only.

The Surface Blend Parameters dialog box

Chapter 13

With check box cleared

With check box selected

With check box selected

With check box cleared

A rounded surface

Chapter 13 • Roll Along/Across The Roll Along/Across button creates a rounded blend on any edge it encounters.

• Tangent Hold Line This option of creating the surface blend rounds works in the same way as discussed in the Blend option of creating rounds.

Surface blend round created using the Full Radius option

Surface blend round created using the Default Radius option

Chapter 13 • Specifying the Blend Shape You can specify the shape of the blended rounds before creating them using the options available in the Shape drop-down list.

Selecting the blend shape from the Shape drop-down list

• Constant Radius • Constant width

Surface blend created using the Chamfer option

• Chamfer • Bevel • Conic • Curvature continuous

Surface blend created using the Bevel option

Chapter 13 ¾ ADDING A DRAFT • From Parting Surface This option allows you to select a parting geometry that acts as a pivot location about which the draft is added to the faces.

Construction surface

Draft added to the faces

• Split Draft The Split Draft option available in the Draft Options dialog box is used to split the selected face into two faces using the split surface so that different draft angles can be applied to both faces.

Chapter 13

Construction surface

Draft added to the faces

• From Parting Line This option allows you to select a construction curve that acts as a pivot location about which the draft is added to the faces.

Curve and the face selected to add draft Draft added to the faces

Chapter 13 • Split Draft The Split Draft option allows you to specify two different draft angles on selected faces.

• Step Draft The Step Draft option will be available in the Draft Options dialog box when you select the From parting line radio button.

Parting line, neutral plane, and the face selected to add a draft

Draft added to the faces using the Perpendicular step faces option

Chapter 13

Draft added to the faces using the Taper step faces option

¾

Draft added using the split line

USING THE PARTING SPLIT TOOL The Parting Split tool allows you to split the selected faces along a silhouette edge.

Reference plane selected

Parting edge created

Chapter 13 ¾ USING THE PARTING SURFACE TOOL The parting surface is used for creating molds, core, and cavity.

Parting surface created using the edge chain

Parting surface created using the parting edge

Chapter 13 ‰ Tutorial 1 In this tutorial, you will create the surface model shown in Figure A. The orthographic views of the surface model are shown in Figure B. After creating the model, save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c13\c13tut1.par (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the surface model

Figure B Top, front, right-side, and the detailed views of the surface model

Chapter 13 1.

Create the Base Feature.

Sketch of the base feature 2.

Revolved surface

Create the Second Feature.

Sketch with dimensions

Extruded surface with draft

Chapter 13 3.

Trim the Extruded Surface.

The trimmed bottom surface 4.

Stitch the Two Surfaces.

5.

Create Round.

6.

Save the model.

Final surface model

Chapter 13 ‰ Tutorial 2 In this tutorial you will create the surface model shown in Figure A. The orthographic views of the surface model are shown in Figure B. After creating the model save it with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c13\c13tut2.par (Expected time: 45 min)

Figure A Surface model

Figure B Top, front, right-side, and the isometric views of the surface model

Chapter 13 1.

Create the Base Feature

Sketch with dimensions 2.

Extrude surface

Create the BlueSurface by Joining Two Sketches

Two sketches

BlueSurface

Mirror copy

Chapter 13 3.

Create the BlueSurface at the End of Extruded Surface

BlueSurface

4.

Create the Cut on the BlueSurface

Surfaces used for trimming

Cylindrical surface from the top view

Trimmed BlueSurface

Chapter 13 5.

Create the Cut on the Left Side of the BlueSurface

Surface after mirroring 6.

Trimmed surface

Trim the Extruded Surface

Extrude surfaces after trimming

Chapter 13 7.

Stitch the Surfaces

8.

Create Round

Round of radius 4 9.

Edges to be selected

Choose the Save button to save the model

Final model

Chapter 13 ‰ Exercise 1 Create the surface model shown in Figure A. The orthographic views with dimensions are shown in Figure B. After creating the model save it with the name given below. Solid Edge\c13\c13exr2.par

Figure A Surface model

(Expected time: 30 min)

Figure B Top and front views

Chapter 13 ‰ Exercise 2 Create the surface model shown in Figure A. The orthographic views and the isometric view are shown in the figure. After creating the model save it with the name given below. Solid Edge\c13\c13exr1.par

Figure A Top, front, right-side, and the isometric views of the surface model

(Expected time: 30 min)

Chapter 14 Learning Objectives: • Set the parameters for creating the sheet metal parts. • Create the base of the sheet metal part. • Add various types of flanges to the sheet metal part. • Add a jog to the sheet metal part. • Bend or unbend a part of the sheet metal part. • Add corner bends to the sheet metal parts. • Create dimples, louvers, drawn cutouts, and beads in the sheet metal component. • Convert solid parts to sheet metal components. • Create the flat pattern of the sheet metal parts.

Chapter 14 ‰ THE SHEET METAL MODULE A sheet metal component is created by bending, cutting, or deforming an existing sheet of metal of uniform thickness.

Sheet metal component

Flattened view of the sheet metal component

Chapter 14

Starting a new sheet metal document

Chapter 14

Default screen display before creating the base of the sheet metal part

Chapter 14 • 1.

SETTING THE SHEET METAL PART PROPERTIES To set these options, choose Tools > Material Table from the menu bar; the Solid Edge Material Table dialog box will be displayed with the Material tab active.

The Gage tab of the Solid Edge Material Table dialog box

Chapter 14 ‰ Material thickness This edit box is used to set the default thickness for the sheet metal part. The thickness specified in this edit box will be displayed as the default thickness whenever you invoke a tool to create the sheet metal part.

Sheet with 1mm bend radius

Sheet with 5mm bend radius

Chapter 14 • Relief depth Whenever you bend a sheet metal component or create a flange such that the bend does not extend throughout the length of the edge, a groove is added at the end of the bend so that the walls of the sheet metal part do not intersect when folded or unfolded. This groove is known as relief.

Relief width = 1

Relief width = 5

Chapter 14 • CREATING THE BASE OF THE SHEET METAL PARTS The Tab tool is used to create the base of the sheet metal component. You can also use this tool to add additional faces on the sheet metal component.

Sketch for the base

Base of the sheet metal part

Chapter 14 • ADDING FLANGES TO A SHEET METAL PART Solid Edge allows you to directly add a folded face to the existing sheet metal part. This is done using the Flange tool.

The Flange Options dialog box

Chapter 14 Flange Options Dialog Box The options in the Flange Options dialog box are discussed next. • Bend radius This edit box is used to specify the bend radius. • Bend relief This edit box is used to specify whether or not the bend relief will be added.

Square relief

Round relief

Chapter 14 • Corner relief

Flanges with no corner relief

Flanges with bend only corner relief

Chapter 14

Flanges with bend and face corner relief

Flanges with bend and face chain corner relief

Chapter 14 • Edge Step • Material Inside • Material Outside • Bend Outside

• Full Width • Centered • At End • From Both Ends • From End

Chapter 14 • Distance This edit box is used to specify the distance of the flange. • Inside Dimension • Outside Dimension • Angle • Profile Step You can choose this button to modify the profile of the flange. • Offset Step This step is used when you want to add some offset between the flange and the edge selected to create it

Chapter 14 • CREATING CONTOUR FLANGES Contour flanges are the ones that are created by using an open

sketched shape.

• Extent Step The options in this step are discussed next • Finite Extent This button is chosen to specify the extent of the contour flange using a distance value.

Preview of the contour flange

The resulting contour flange

Chapter 14 • To End

This button is chosen to terminate the contour flange at the end of the selecte • Chain

This button is chosen to select a chain of edges on which the contour flange will be created

Sketch for the contour flange

The resulting contour flange by selecting all four edges on the top face

Chapter 14 • Modifying the Contour Flange Options You can choose the Options button from the ribbon bar to modify the contour flange options. The options in the Miters and Corners tab,are discussed next.

The Miters and Corners tab of the Contour Flange Options dialog box

Chapter 14 • Start End/Finish End Areas The options in these areas are used to create a miter corner at the start end and the finish end of the contour flange. • Angle The Angle edit boxes in both the areas are used to specify the miter angle at the start and finish ends. • Normal to thickness face This radio button is used to create the miter normal to the thickness face.

Preview of the -45-degrees miter at the two ends

Top view of the miter normal to the thickness face

Chapter 14

Top view of the miter normal to the source face

Chapter 14 • Interior Corners Area The options in this area are used to specify the corner treatment while creating the contour flange at multiple edges. The options available in this drop-down list are discussed next. • Open • Close • Circle cutout

• CREATING LOFTED FLANGES The Lofted Flange tool is used to create a lofted flange between two selected profiles.

Chapter 14

Sketches to be used to create the lofted flange

Preview of the resulting lofted flange

Chapter 14 • ADDING THE JOG TO THE SHEET The Jog tool is used to add a jog to an existing sheet metal part using a sketched line segment.

Base sheet and the line to add

Model after adding the jog

Chapter 14 • BENDING THE SHEET METAL PART The Bend tool is used to bend an existing sheet metal part using a sketched line segment

Base sheet and the line to bend the sheet

Model after adding the bend

Chapter 14 • UNBENDING THE SHEET METAL PART The Unbend tool is used to unbend the portion of the sheet bent using the Bend or Flange tools.

• REBENDING THE SHEET METAL PART The Rebend tool is used to rebend the portion of the sheet that was unbent using the Unbend tool

Cut features created on the unbent sheet metal part

Model after creating the cuts and then rebending

Chapter 14 • FILLETING OR CHAMFERING CORNERS OF A SHEET METAL PART The Break Corner tool is used to add fillets or chamfers to the selected corners of the sheet metal part • TREATING 2 BEND CORNERS OF A SHEET METAL PART

The Close 2-Bend Corner tool is used to treat the corner created by two be

Two bends selected for the open corner treatment

Model with the open corner treatment of the two bends

Chapter 14

Model with the open corner treatment with a gap of 2mm

Model with the circular cutout corner treatment of the two bends

Overlapping of walls in the corner treatment

Chapter 14 • CREATING DIMPLES IN A SHEET METAL PART Solid Edge allows you to sketch a user-defined shape and use it to create a dimple in the sheet metal component.

The Dimple Options dialog box

Chapter 14

Dimple with no taper

Dimple with a 25-degrees taper

Chapter 14

Dimple created in the forward direction with a 25-degrees taper

Dimple created with an open profile

Chapter 14 • CREATING LOUVERS IN A SHEET METAL PART Louvers are created in a sheet metal part to provide openings in it.

Sheet metal part with a pattern of louvers on the top face

The Louver Options dialog box

Chapter 14

Formed-end louvers

Formed-end louvers

Preview of the louver

Chapter 14 • CREATING DRAWN CUTOUTS IN A SHEET METAL PART The drawn cutouts are exactly the same as the dimples, with the only difference being that for drawn cutouts, the end face is open.

Drawn cutouts of various shapes

Chapter 14 • CREATING BEADS IN A SHEET METAL PART The Bead tool is used to create an embossed or an engraved bead on a sheet metal part using a single entity or a set of tangentially connected entities.

Bead created in the upward direction, resulting in the embossed feature

Bead created in the downward direction, resulting in the engraved feature

Chapter 14

The Bead Options dialog box

Chapter 14

Circular cross-section bead

Formed end condition

U-shaped bead

V-shaped bead

Lanced end condition

Chapter 14 • ADDING GUSSETS TO A SHEET METAL PART Gussets are rib like stiffeners that can be added to the sheet metal part to increase its strength.

Viewing a round gusset from the front

Viewing a round gusset from the back

Chapter 14

A square gusset

A user-defined gusset

Chapter 14

The Gusset Options dialog box

Chapter 14

A round gusset

A square gusset

A gusset with a taper angle of 25degrees

Chapter 14 • ADDING HEMS Hems are defined as the rounded faces created on the sharp edges of a sheet metal component in order to reduce the area of the sharpness in a sheet metal component.

The Hem Options dialog box

Chapter 14

A closed hem

A curled hem

An open hem

An open loop hem

An S-shaped hem

A closed loop hem

Chapter 14

A centered loop hem

An open hem with a negative miter

An open hem with a positive miter

Chapter 14 • CONVERTING A SOLID PART TO A SHEET METAL PART Solid Edge allows you to convert a solid part to a sheet metal part.

Shelled box to be converted into a sheet metal part

After converting to the sheet metal part

Chapter 14

Edges selected to be ripped

Sheet metal part after ripping the corners

Chapter 14 • RIPPING CORNERS OF A SOLID PART You can also rip the corners of a solid part using the Rip Corner tool. • CREATING THE FLAT PATTERN OF A SHEET METAL PART Solid Edge provides a number of options to flatten a sheet metal part. The main options are discussed next. Creating the Flat Pattern in the Flat Pattern Model Environment By choosing Application > Flatten Model from the menu bar, the Flat Pattern Model environment is invoke

Chapter 14

Edges selected to be ripped

Sheet metal part after ripping the corners

Chapter 14 • Saving a Sheet Metal Part in the Flat Pattern Format The other method of creating a flat pattern is to save the sheet metal part as a flat pattern in a separate file.

Flat pattern saved as a separate sheet metal file

Chapter 14 • TUTORIAL1 In this tutorial, you will create the sheet metal part of the Holder Clip shown in Figure A. The flat pattern of the component is shown in Figure B. Assume the missing dimensions of the part. The material thickness, bend radius, relief depth, and relief width is 1mm. After creating the sheet metal component, create its flat pattern. Save the component with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c14\c14tut1.psm (Expected time: 45 min)

Figure A Sheet metal part for Tutorial 1

Figure B Flat pattern of the sheet metal part for Tutorial 1

Chapter 14 • Starting a New Sheet Metal File • Creating the Top Face

Sketch for the top face of the part

Top face of the part

Chapter 14 • Creating the Flanges

Preview of the first flange

Preview of the second flange

Preview of the centered flange

Preview of the fourth flange

Chapter 14

Preview of the fifth flange

Preview of the sixth flange

• Creating Louvers on the Top Face

Profile of the louver

Louver created on the top face

Chapter 14 • Creating Holes

Sheet metal part after creating the five holes

Chapter 14 • Creating the Drawn Cutout on the Right Face of the Model

Profile of the drawn cutout

The final sheet metal part

Chapter 14 • Generating the Flat Pattern

Flat pattern of the sheet metal part

Chapter 14 • TUTORIAL 2 In this tutorial, you will create the sheet metal component shown in Figure 14-108. The flat pattern of the component is shown in Figure 14-109. The dimensions of the model are shown in Figure 14-110. The material thickness, bend radius, relief depth, and relief width is 1mm.Assume the missing dimensions. Save the model with the name given below. \Solid Edge\c14\c14tut2.psm (Expected time: 30 min)

Sheet metal part for Tutorial 2

Flat pattern of the part

Chapter 14 • Starting a New Sheet Metal File • Creating the Front Face

Sketch for the front face

Front face of the part

Chapter 14 • Creating the Flanges

Preview of the first flange

Preview of the second flange

Model after creating all the flanges

Chapter 14 • Closing the Corner between the First Two Flanges

Partial view of the part after closing the corner

Chapter 14 • Creating Holes

Final sheet metal part after creating the holes

Chapter 14 • Generating the Flat Pattern

Flat pattern of the sheet metal part.

Chapter 14 • Exercise 1 Create the sheet metal part shown in Figure 14-119. The flat pattern of the part is shown in Figure 14-120. Its dimensions are shown in Figure 14-121. The material thickness, bend radius, relief depth, and relief width to 0.5mm. Assume the missing dimensions. (Expected time: 30 min)

Sheet metal part for Exercise 1

Flat pattern of the part

Chapter 15 Learning Objectives: • Create components of the project assemblies in the Part environment of Solid Edge. • Assemble the components of assemblies in the Assembly environment. • Generate the drawing views of assemblies in the Draft environment.

Chapter 15 ‰ Tutorial 1 In this tutorial, you will create the components of the Motor Blower assembly shown in Figure 1. The exploded view of the assembly is shown in Figure 2. The details of the components of the Motor Blower assembly are shown in Figures 3 through 8. You will also generate the following drawing views of the assembly: a. b. c. d.

Top view Front view Left-side view Isometric view (Expected time: 3 hrs)

Figure 1 Motor Blower assembly

Figure 2 Exploded view of the assembly

Chapter 15

Figure 3 Dimensions of the Upper Housing

Figure 4 Dimensions of the Lower Housing

Chapter 15

Figure 5 Dimensions of the Blower

Figure 6 Dimensions of the Motor

Chapter 15

Figure 7 Dimensions of the Blower

Figure 8 Dimensions of the Motor

Chapter 15 ‰ Creating the Lower Housing 1.

2.

Draw the profile of the base feature, as shown in Figure 9, and exit the sketching environment.

Figure 9 Sketch of the base feature Extrude the sketch symmetrically to both sides of the profile plane up to the depth of 8. The isometric view of the base feature is shown in Figure 10.

Figure 10 Base feature

Chapter 15 3.

Select the top face of the base feature and draw the sketch, as shown in Figure 11.

Figure 11 Sketch of a revolved cut 4.

Create the revolved cut by entering the angle of revolution 180 in the Angle edit box; the cutout is created, as shown in Figure 12.

Figure 12 Model after creating the revolved cut

Chapter 15 5.

Draw the sketch of the cutout feature as shown in Figure 13.

Figure 13 Sketch of a cutout feature 6.

Create the cutout feature, as shown in Figure 14.

Figure 14 Model after creating the cutout

Chapter 15 7.

Create another cutout on the back face of the base feature, as shown in Figure 15.

Figure 15 Model after creating the second cutout

8.

Place the profile of the hole on the top face of the base feature and add the required dimensions, as shown in Figure 16.

Figure 16 Hole profile placed on the top face

Chapter 15 9.

Final model, after creating the pattern, is shown in Figure 18.

Figure 18 Final model of the Lower Housing

Chapter 15 ‰ Creating the Blower 1.

Draw the profile of the base feature, as shown in Figure 19, and then exit the sketching environment.

Figure 19 Sketch of the base feature

2.

Draw the profile of the base feature, as shown in Figure 20, and then exit the sketching environment.

Figure 20 Revolved feature

Chapter 15 3.

Draw the profile of the base feature, as shown in Figure 21, and then exit the sketching environment.

Figure 21 Sketch with dimensions

4.

Extrude the profile, as shown in Figure 22.

Figure 22 Protrusion feature

Chapter 15 5.

Pattern the extruded feature as shown in Figure 23.

Figure 23 Model after creating the pattern

6.

Select the face of the base feature shown in Figure 24 to place the hole.

Figure 24 Protrusion feature

Chapter 15 7.

Place the hole as shown in Figure 25.

Figure 25 Model after adding the hole

8.

Draw the circle and create the extruded cut, see Figures 26 and 27.

Figure 26 Sketch of the cutout feature

Figure 27 Sketch of the cutout feature

Chapter 15 ‰ Creating the Motor 1.

Draw the profile of the base feature, as shown in Figure 28, and then exit the sketching environment.

Figure 28 Sketch of the base feature

2.

Extrude the sketch to a depth of 6.5; the base feature is created, as shown in Figure 29.

Figure 29 Base feature

Chapter 15 3.

Draw the profile of the base feature, as shown in Figure 30 and exit the sketching environment.

Figure 30 Sketch with a constraint

4.

Extrude the sketch to a depth of 2.25; the protrusion feature is created, as shown in Figure 31.

Figure 31 Isometric view of the model after creating the second feature

Chapter 15 5.

Draw a circle, as shown in Figure 32, and modify its diameter to 10.

Figure 32 Sketch of the third feature

6.

Extrude the sketch to a distance of 0.5; the third feature is created, as shown in Figure 33.

Figure 33 Protrusion feature

Chapter 15 7.

Draw the profile of the protrusion feature, as shown in Figure 34.

Figure 34 Sketch with dimensions

8.

Extrude the sketch to a distance of 8; the fourth feature is created, as shown in Figure 35.

Figure 35 Protrusion feature

Chapter 15 9.

Draw the sketch, as shown in Figure 36.

Figure 36 Sketch of the cutout 10. Create the extruded cut, as shown in Figure 37.

Figure 37 Protrusion feature

Chapter 15 11. Patten the cut feature, see Figures 38 and 39.

Figure 38 Sketch for pattern

Figure 39 Pattern created

Chapter 15 12. Create holes as shown in Figures 40 through 43.

Figure 40 Hole created

Figure 42 Hole created

Figure 41 Hole created

Figure 43 Hole created

Chapter 15 ‰ Creating the Assembly 1.

Start a new file in the Assembly environment.

2.

Place the Lower Housing and assemble it with the reference planes.

3.

Place the Upper Housing and assemble it with Lower Housing, see Figures 44 and 45.

Figure 44 Faces to be selected to apply mate relationship

Figure 45 Assembly of two components

Chapter 15 4.

Assemble Motor with the Lower Housing and Upper Housing, see Figures 46 through 48.

Figure 46 Cylindrical faces to select

Figure 47 Faces to mate

Figure 48 Assembly of blower with the other components

Chapter 15 5.

Assemble Shaft with the Blower, see Figure 49 through 51.

Figure 49 Faces to mate

Figure 50 Shaft partially assembled

Figure 51 Assembly after assembling the Shaft

Chapter 15 5.

Assemble Motor and Motor Cover with the Blower, see Figure 52 through 54.

Figure 52 Assembly with the Motor

Figure 53 Holes to align

Figure 54 Completed assembly

Chapter 15 ‰ Generating the Drawing Views 1.

Start a new file in the Draft environment.

2.

Choose the Drawing View Wizard button from the Drawing View toolbar; the Select Model dialog box is displayed.

3.

Select the Motor Blower assembly and choose the Open button; the Drawing View Creation Wizard dialog box is displayed.

4.

Clear the Show Hidden edges in: Orthographic views and Show edges of hidden parts in: Orthographic views check boxes.

5.

Select the Orthographic views check box in the Show Tangent edges in area and choose the Next button.

Chapter 15 6.

From the Drawing View Orientation area, select front and choose the Next button.

7.

Select the views shown in Figure 55 and then choose the Finish button.

Figure 55 Drawing View Layout area

Chapter 15 8.

Place the drawing views on the sheet, see Figure 56.

Figure 56 Drawing views of the assembly

Chapter 15 ‰ Tutorial 2 In this tutorial, you will create the components of the Fixture assembly shown in Figure 1. The exploded view of the assembly is shown in Figure 2. The details of the components of the Fixture assembly are shown in Figures 3 through 6. Finally, generate the following drawing views of the assembly, see Figure 7. a. b. c. d.

Top view Front view Right-side view Isometric view (Expected time: 3 hrs)

Figure 1 Fixture assembly

Figure 2 Exploded view of the assembly displaying various components

Chapter 15

Figure 3 Dimensions of the End Plate

Figure 4 Dimensions of the Disk

Chapter 15

Figure 5 Dimensions of the Support Pin and the Bolt

Figure 6 Dimensions of the Spacer, Center Pin, and the Nut

Chapter 15

Figure 7 Drawing views of the Fixture assembly

Chapter 15 ‰ Creating the End Plate 1.

Start a new file in the Part environment and create End Plate, see Figures 8 through 10.

Figure 8 Holes on the base feature

Figure 9 Hole at the center

Figure 10 Holes created on the base feature

Chapter 15 ‰ Creating the Disk 1.

Start a new file in the Part environment and create Disk, see Figures 11 through 13.

Figure 11 Sketch of the base feature

Figure 12 Base feature of the Disk

Figure 13 Final model of the Disk

Chapter 15 ‰ Creating the Center Pin 1.

Start a new file in the Part environment and create Pin, see Figures 14 through 17.

Figure 14 Sketch of the base feature with dimensions

Figure 15 Base feature of the Center Pin

Figure 16 Hole on the base feature

Figure 17 Chamfer on the base feature

Chapter 15 ‰ Creating the Nut 1.

Start a new file in the Part environment and create Nut, see Figures 18 through 23.

Figure 18 Sketch with dimensions

Figure 19 Base feature

Chapter 15

Figure 20 Sketch of the revolved cut

Figure 22 Mirror copy of the revolved cut

Figure 21 Revolved cut on the base feature

Figure 23 Final model of the Nut

Chapter 15 ‰ Creating the Assembly 1.

Assemble all the components, see Figures 24 through 30.

Figure 24 Cylindrical surfaces to be selected for aligning the axes

Figure 25 Disk assembled with the End Plate

Chapter 15

Figure 26 Face to be selected to add the Insert relationship

Figure 27 Support Pin assembled with the End Plate

Figure 28 Support Pins assembled in the assembly

Chapter 15

Figure 29 Spacer assembled in the assembly

Figure 30 Fixture assembly

Chapter 15 ‰ Generating the Base Drawing Views 1.

Generate the drawing views, see Figure 31.

Figure 24 Drawing views of the assembly

Chapter 15 ‰ Project 1 In Create all components of the Butterfly Valve shown in Figure 1 and then assemble them. The dimensions of components are given in Figures 2 through 9. Assume the missing dimensions for the components. (Expected time: 3 hrs)

Figure 1 Butterfly Valve assembly

Figure 2 Top view of the Body

Chapter 15

Figure 3 Left side view of the Body

Figure 4 Sectioned front view of the Body

Figure 5 Top view of the Arm

Figure 6 Dimensions of the Shaft

Chapter 15

Figure 7 Sectioned front view of the Arm

Figure 8 Dimensions of the Retainer

Figure 9 Dimensions of the Plate, Nut, and Screw

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